Adenine is one of the four bases in DNA that make up the letters ATGC, adenine is the "A". The others are guanine, cytosine, and thymine. Adenine always pairs with thymine.
Just as a choreographer's notation tells a dancer to strike a particular pose, an enzyme newly discovered by Rice University scientists is able to tell specific molecules precisely how to arrange themselves, down to the angle of single hydrogen bonds.
Each human cell is distinct because it is written in the DNA language.
How animals are able to interpret natural light sources to adjust their physiology and behaviour is poorly understood.
Researchers from Germany’s Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research (MPIPZ) and the University of Cologne have identified a new biochemical process that explains how immune proteins protect plants against invading microbes. Their results have been reported in Cell.
TPCs (two-pore channels) are old ion channels found in both animal and plant cells. These ion channels serve key roles in biological activity in numerous tissues in animals, including humans, like the brain and nervous system.
Your DNA holds the blueprint to build your body, but it's a living document: Adjustments to the design can be made by epigenetic marks.
For decades, a small group of cutting-edge medical researchers have been studying a biochemical, DNA tagging system, which switches genes on or off. Many have studied it in bacteria and now some have seen signs of it in, plants, flies, and even human brain tumors.
In 2019, the WHO positioned chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) third in the global ranking of causes of death.
Researchers have made significant advances toward the goal of a new microchip able to grow DNA strands that could provide high-density 3D archival data storage at ultra-low cost – and be able to hold that information for hundreds of years.
Carminic acid (a natural red dye extracted from insects) is extensively used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical, and food industries globally
Researchers from Northwestern Medicine distinguished different variants of the gene GRIK2 that induces nonsyndromic neurodevelopmental disorder (NDD).
Mutant DNA sequences inside cellular mitochondria can be eliminated using a bespoke chemical compound. The approach, developed by scientists at Kyoto University's Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Science (iCeMS) in Japan, could lead to better treatments for mitochondrial diseases.
According to recent research, the mutations giving rise to melanoma are the outcome of a chemical conversion in DNA triggered by sunlight.
DNA is made up of nucleobases, which are depicted by the letters G, A, T, and C. They are the foundation of the genetic code.
Scientists have created a high-throughput method to help explain and regulate gene expression for the treatment of diseases like beta-thalassemia and sickle cell disease.
Small variations in the structure of DNA have been related to breast cancer and other diseases, but they have been incredibly hard to find so far.
Nanopore technology has the potential to enable the development of portable, low-cost, small devices capable of real-time DNA sequencing.
A new way to identify tumors that could be sensitive to particular immunotherapies has been developed using data from thousands of NHS cancer patient samples sequenced through the 100,000 Genomes Project.
The human genome contains the instructions to make tens of thousands of proteins. Each protein folds into a precise shape--and biologists are taught that defined shape dictates the protein's destined function. Tens of thousands of singular shapes drive the tens of thousands of needed functions.
Scientists have created a CRISPR-based gene editor named C-to-G Base Editor (CGBE) that can correct mutations responsible for genetic disorders.