Adenine is one of the four bases in DNA that make up the letters ATGC, adenine is the "A". The others are guanine, cytosine, and thymine. Adenine always pairs with thymine.
Carminic acid (a natural red dye extracted from insects) is extensively used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical, and food industries globally
Researchers from Northwestern Medicine distinguished different variants of the gene GRIK2 that induces nonsyndromic neurodevelopmental disorder (NDD).
Mutant DNA sequences inside cellular mitochondria can be eliminated using a bespoke chemical compound. The approach, developed by scientists at Kyoto University's Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Science (iCeMS) in Japan, could lead to better treatments for mitochondrial diseases.
According to recent research, the mutations giving rise to melanoma are the outcome of a chemical conversion in DNA triggered by sunlight.
DNA is made up of nucleobases, which are depicted by the letters G, A, T, and C. They are the foundation of the genetic code.
Scientists have created a high-throughput method to help explain and regulate gene expression for the treatment of diseases like beta-thalassemia and sickle cell disease.
Small variations in the structure of DNA have been related to breast cancer and other diseases, but they have been incredibly hard to find so far.
Nanopore technology has the potential to enable the development of portable, low-cost, small devices capable of real-time DNA sequencing.
A new way to identify tumors that could be sensitive to particular immunotherapies has been developed using data from thousands of NHS cancer patient samples sequenced through the 100,000 Genomes Project.
The human genome contains the instructions to make tens of thousands of proteins. Each protein folds into a precise shape--and biologists are taught that defined shape dictates the protein's destined function. Tens of thousands of singular shapes drive the tens of thousands of needed functions.
Scientists have created a CRISPR-based gene editor named C-to-G Base Editor (CGBE) that can correct mutations responsible for genetic disorders.
Back in 1993, researchers had discovered that Huntington’s disease is typically caused by a single mutated gene, known as HTT.
In cells transfer RNA (tRNA) translates genetic information from the encoding messenger RNA (mRNA) for protein synthesis.
In a recent study, Alexander von Humboldt Professor Jijie Chai at the University of Cologne and his team together with MPIPZ researchers have succeeded for the first time in reconstructing the sequence of molecular events that activate an inactive plant immune receptor and thus mediate the death of the host cell.
The genomes of all higher life forms are stored in the cell nucleus on chromosomes. Chromosomes are composed of strands of the DNA molecule.
Within a mere eight years, CRISPR-Cas9 has become the go-to genome editor for both basic research and gene therapy.
Scientists have developed novel genome-editing technology that could help understand disease-related genetic mutations based on C-to-G single base variations.
Two rereading proteins on the DNA assembly line collectively work as an emergency stop button to inhibit replication errors.
A group of biomolecular engineers from Rice University has now identified a C-worthy method that significantly improves the precision of gene editing.
In a recent study of genes involved in brain functioning, their previously unknown features have been uncovered by bioinformaticians from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Institute of Mathematical Problems of Biology, RAS. The findings are reported in PLOS One.