Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases. Dermatologists take care of diseases and cancers of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails.
A study of the genetics of acne has identified 29 regions of the genome that influence the condition. These genetic insights offer potential new targets for treatment. They may also help clinicians identify individuals at high risk of severe disease.
Diabetic foot ulcerations – open sores or wounds that refuse to heal – are a devastating complication affecting more than 15 percent of people with diabetes and resulting in more than 70,000 lower extremity amputations per year in the United States alone.
With around 256 million cases and more than 5 million deaths worldwide, the COVID-19 pandemic has challenged scientists and those in the medical field. Researchers are working to find effective vaccines and therapies, as well as understand the long-term effects of the infection.
Moles and melanomas are both skin tumors that come from the same cell called melanocytes. The difference is that moles are usually harmless, while melanomas are cancerous and often deadly without treatment.
Macrophages are important cells of the immune system with numerous beneficial functions. However, macrophages also aggravate common diseases.
Collagen, the main component of the skin's extracellular matrix, can cause a pathological condition if it is in excess. Applying an electric field to the skin affects collagen pathways, temporarily reducing collagen production and increasing its degradation.
More than 40,000 allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants are carried out worldwide every year, mostly for patients suffering from leukemia or other diseases of the hematopoietic system.
Recent research indicates that a familiar inflammatory skin condition might arise due to inadequately regulated sex hormones.
A group of clinical experts and international scientists have revealed a novel cell type in human skin that contributes to inflammatory skin diseases like psoriasis (PSO) and atopic dermatitis (AD).
Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah (U of U) have generated the first "atlas" of human melanocytes located throughout the body.
Scientists headed a new study that determined the molecular mechanisms inside protein complexes that support cell-to-cell adhesion and communication.
Lymph nodes are critical to the body's immune response against tumors but paradoxically, cancer cells that spread, or metastasize, to lymph nodes can often avoid being eliminated by immune cells.
By putting a piece of soft, strain-sensing sheet on the skin may be able to detect skin disorders non-invasively and in real-time very soon.
Many patients with cancer receive immune checkpoint inhibitors that strengthen their immune response against tumor cells. While the medications can be life-saving, they can also cause potentially life-threatening side effects in internal organs.
A new research work, published in JCI, has discovered that the endoplasmic reticulum of a neutrophil becomes stressed in the autoimmune disorder lupus.
A test that monitors blood levels of DNA fragments released by dying tumor cells may serve as an accurate early indicator of treatment success in people in late stages of one of the most aggressive forms of skin cancer, a new study finds.
Scientists have compiled the first comprehensive review of plant natural products that play a role in antibacterial activity, to serve as a guide in the search for new drugs to combat antibiotic-resistant pathogens.
"Wound healing is one of the most complex biological processes," writes Professor Kazumitsu Sugiura and Dr Kenta Saito from Fujita Health University, Japan, in their article recently published in Nature's Scientific Reports.
A new study by researchers from the Medical University of Vienna could prove beneficial for the human immune system.
Risk for melanoma, the most deadly skin cancer, can be estimated long before detection of any suspicious moles, according to a UC San Francisco scientist who led a new study to detect DNA mutations in individual skin cells.