The nervous system is an organ system containing a network of specialized cells called neurons that coordinate the actions of an animal and transmit signals between different parts of its body. In most animals the nervous system consists of two parts, central and peripheral. The central nervous system contains the brain and spinal cord.
Scientists have made a pivotal breakthrough in the quest to understand how single-cell green algae are able to keep track of the light as they swim.
Imagine if surgeons could transplant healthy neurons into patients living with neurodegenerative diseases or brain and spinal cord injuries.
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have launched a first-in-human Phase I clinical trial to assess the safety and efficacy of a gene therapy to deliver a key protein into the brains of persons with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), a condition that often precedes full-blown dementia.
In people with central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma, cancerous B cells--a type of white blood cell--accumulate to form tumors in the brain or spinal cord, often in close proximity to blood vessels.
Coffee, cola, or an energy drink: caffeine is the world's most widely consumed psychoactive substance. Researchers from the University of Basel have now shown in a study that regular caffeine intake can change the gray matter of the brain. However, the effect appears to be temporary.
Scientists have unveiled a range of proprioceptive neurons and have uncovered a new form of plasticity, indicating neuronal individuality in the nervous system.
Dyno Therapeutics has demonstrated the use of AI to created an unparalleled range of adeno-associated virus capsids that can evade the immune system.
With two commercially available inhibitors, the cell cycle of the cancer cells in the childhood tumor neuroblastoma can be disrupted at a key point causing tumor cell death.
Neurons are the primary cells of the nervous system, and the signals that are transmitted between them are responsible for all our actions and our cognitive ability.
Today, neuroscience and robotics are developing hand in hand. Mikhail Lebedev, Academic Supervisor at HSE University's Centre for Bioelectric Interfaces, spoke about how studying the brain inspires the development of robots.
Autoimmune diseases, in which the body's own immune system attacks healthy tissue, can be life-threatening and can impact all organs.
News-Medical speaks to Dr. Beheshti from NASA about his latest research that investigated whether changes in mitochondria could cause health problems in Space.
Certain anchor proteins inhibit a key metabolic driver that plays an important role in cancer and developmental brain disorders.
Among all rattlesnake species, the Tiger Rattlesnake has the simplest yet most lethal venom. Now, a new study performed by a team of researchers can describe the genetics behind the venomous bite of the Tiger Rattlesnake.
Mitochondria are vital for the human body as cellular powerhouses: They possess more than 1,000 different proteins, required for many central metabolic pathways. Disfunction of these leads to severe diseases, especially of the nervous system and the heart.
For more than three decades, food allergies have been rising drastically across the developed world.
Writing, driving a screw or throwing darts are only some of the activities that demand a high level of skill.
Molecular markers in the blood shown to be predictive of severe COVID-19 outcomes resulting from SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus infection have been identified in a study by a Chinese research team.
Injury or disease that afflicts a relatively small number of brain cells causes a chain reaction that stops activity across a vast network of neural circuits, according to new research from Oregon Health & Science University.
Comprehensive identification of viral proteins encoded by viral genes is required to understand the pathophysiology of viral infections.