Thymine is one of the four bases in DNA that make up the letters ATGC, thymine is the "T". The others are adenine, guanine, and cytosine. Thymine always pairs with adenine.
We often come to an understanding of what causes a disease. We know, for example, that cancers are caused by mutations at critical locations in the genome, resulting in loss of control of cell growth.
A team of scientists led by Dr. Kei-ichi TAKATA from the Center for Genomic Integrity within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), has discovered a new type of DNA repair mechanism that cancer cells use to recover from next-generation cancer radiation therapy.
Nucleic acid-targeting photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an innovative type of targeted therapy that is currently being studied. This treatment is based on photosensitizers, which are drugs that attach to specific regions in a cell’s DNA.
Each human cell is distinct because it is written in the DNA language.
Researchers have made significant advances toward the goal of a new microchip able to grow DNA strands that could provide high-density 3D archival data storage at ultra-low cost – and be able to hold that information for hundreds of years.
Researchers at Queen’s University boarded a modified Falcon 20 aircraft at Ottawa airport on May 22nd, 2019 as part of a scheduled “vomit comet” flight. In this mode of flight, the plane repeatedly climbs in a steep parabola to 8 km, alternating with a freefall descent.
According to recent research, the mutations giving rise to melanoma are the outcome of a chemical conversion in DNA triggered by sunlight.
DNA is made up of nucleobases, which are depicted by the letters G, A, T, and C. They are the foundation of the genetic code.
Scientists have created a high-throughput method to help explain and regulate gene expression for the treatment of diseases like beta-thalassemia and sickle cell disease.
Small variations in the structure of DNA have been related to breast cancer and other diseases, but they have been incredibly hard to find so far.
Nanopore technology has the potential to enable the development of portable, low-cost, small devices capable of real-time DNA sequencing.
A new way to identify tumors that could be sensitive to particular immunotherapies has been developed using data from thousands of NHS cancer patient samples sequenced through the 100,000 Genomes Project.
The genomes of all higher life forms are stored in the cell nucleus on chromosomes. Chromosomes are composed of strands of the DNA molecule.
Ultraviolet light endangers the integrity of human genetic information and may cause skin cancer. For the first time, researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have demonstrated that DNA damage may also occur far away from the point of incidence of the radiation.
Scientists have developed novel genome-editing technology that could help understand disease-related genetic mutations based on C-to-G single base variations.
Two rereading proteins on the DNA assembly line collectively work as an emergency stop button to inhibit replication errors.
In a recent study of genes involved in brain functioning, their previously unknown features have been uncovered by bioinformaticians from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Institute of Mathematical Problems of Biology, RAS. The findings are reported in PLOS One.