Amino Acid is one of several molecules that join together to form proteins. There are 20 common amino acids found in proteins.
In latest years, messenger RNA—the DNA’s close relative in the complex process of turning a string of genetic blueprints into a properly functioning organism—has gotten a lot of attention in the scientific and medical community.
To celebrate National DNA Day 2022, we spoke to science communicator Professor Matthew Cobb.
In the process of protein synthesis, a peptide bond is formed between two amino acids that are bound to two different transfer RNAs (tRNAs). Researchers have long been perplexed as to how these tRNAs evolved to be so near to one another on the ribosome.
The brain has the potential to change the way neurons communicate with one another. That is how it prevents out-of-control brain activity. Scientists have discovered a mechanism that plays a key role in this.
Researchers at La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) have found that Zika virus can mutate to become more infective-;and potentially break through pre-existing immunity.
Most antibiotics are double-edged swords. Besides killing the pathogen they are prescribed for, they also decimate beneficial bacteria and change the composition of the gut microbiome.
For decades, scientists have been trying to unravel an enduring mystery of structural biology: Why do two otherwise identical protein forms found in everything from plants, amphibians and human beings hang onto a slight variation across the mighty span of evolution?
The accurate mechanism of action of a β-1,2-glucan-associated enzyme has been determined by Japanese researchers.
Researchers have found that a human receptor protein can identify individual amino acids in just the similar way that bacteria do.
Chemists at MIT have developed a novel way to synthesize himastatin, a natural compound that has shown potential as an antibiotic.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterial infection that has become resistant to most of the antibiotics used to treat regular staph infections.
A recently published paper in the journal Molecular Cancer by the group of Dr. Manel Esteller, Director of the Josep Carreras Leukaemia Research Institute, ICREA Research Professor and Genetics Chairman at the University of Barcelona, shows that transfer RNAs for certain amino acids are altered at the epigenetic level in some types of cancer, expressing it in an exaggerated manner in some cases and being deficient in others.
Every year, almost eight million tons of plastic wind up in the oceans, posing a major threat to the ecosystem and human health.
Many bacteria and unicellular algae have light-driven pumps in their cell membranes: proteins that change shape when exposed to photons such that they can transport charged atoms in or out of the cell.
Scientists discovered hundreds of proteins that are constantly transferred throughout the healthy brain in small membrane-enclosed sacs.
In this interview, we speak to Professor Jason Micklefield about his latest research that may be able to produce new antibiotics through gene-editing technologies.
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University have identified a new mechanism by which a protein known for repairing damaged DNA also protects the integrity of DNA by preserving its structural shape.
Scientists led by Professor Ana J. Garcia-Saez at the CECAD Cluster of Excellence for Aging Research at the University of Cologne have shown that apoptosis, the programmed cell death, involves a direct physical interplay between the two proteins BAX and DRP1.
Recent research suggested that grouping of pathogen-recognizing proteins on immune T cells might be vital in pinpointing if an individual had an infection in the past.
Thanks to an old needlework trick that a protein in the human body is aware of, rather than threading yarn into the eye from the end, it could be simpler to pass a loop through it.