Amino Acid is one of several molecules that join together to form proteins. There are 20 common amino acids found in proteins.
A research team guided by Professor Xiang David Li of The University of Hong Kong’s (HKU) Department of Chemistry created a new chemical tool to unveil how bacteria adjust to the host environment and control host cells.
Scientists at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have developed an artificial intelligence (AI)-based strategy for discovering high-affinity antibody drugs.
CTCF is a critical protein known to play various roles in key biological processes such as transcription.
An international team of scientists led by Mass Eye and Ear, a member of Mass General Brigham, and Boston Children's Hospital, has discovered a new genetic mutation that may be a root cause of severe cases of childhood glaucoma, a devastating condition that runs in families and can rob children of their vision by 3 years of age.
Researchers at the University of Toronto and New York University have developed a novel technology that can engineer proteins to target any stretch of DNA in the human genome, opening a door toward gene therapies for a broader range of health conditions.
Scientists have developed an AI system that can produce artificial enzymes from scratch. Even though several of these enzymes’ artificially generated amino acid sequences differed noticeably from those of any known natural protein, they nonetheless performed as well in laboratory testing as those found in nature.
It is said that when there is an exchange of metabolic products of the cells with other cells, their lifespan gets longer. This discovery has been given by a research group at Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, which made the breakthrough in a study with the help of yeast cells.
The proper functioning of numerous proteins generated in cells by ribosomes is essential for life. This diversified variety of proteins, called proteome, is sustained by the ribosomes’ vigorous translation elongation of amino acid sequences.
Proteins constantly interact with one another inside cells to perform various tasks. Blocking the binding of two or more proteins appears as a potential treatment for some diseases where these functions are altered.
The inner workings of the main protein involved in an extensive range of cellular processes have been disclosed by researchers. This possibly sets the stage for improved and less toxic cancer drugs.
A dietary modification may be essential to improving colon cancer treatment, according to research from the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center.
A Nebraska-led coming attraction may soon pop into a global blockbuster. Through a decade-long project supported by Conagra Foods, a University of Nebraska–Lincoln research team led by David Holding has naturally bred new varieties of popcorn that outperform today's most popular kernels in their intrinsic nutritional value and taste.
You can't expect a pharmaceutical scientist to switch labs to the facilities available in a television studio and expect the same research output.
To avoid salt in soil, plants can change their root direction and grow away from saline areas. University of Copenhagen researchers helped find out what makes this possible.
According to a recent study, which will be published on November 1st, 2022, by Yun-Fei Li of Zhejiang University School of Medicine in Hangzhou, China, and colleagues, a decrease in protein synthesis in growing gut cells contributes to a rare genetic condition, and an affordable nutritional supplement could help reverse that decrease.
Membrane proteins are vital therapeutic targets. They exist between the interior and exterior of human cells. Some of them, known as “transporters,” transport substances into and out of the cellular environment.
Normal gene activity in the afflicted cells is changed during pathological events. Therefore, obtaining a precise picture of gene activity could hold the key to the creation of new, targeted therapies.
Quark and cheese are primarily casein-based in terms of protein content. The stomach’s digestion of casein results in the production of protein fragments (peptides) that have an unpleasant flavor, despite casein itself not having a bitter flavor.
Model animals, such as mice and fruit flies, have provided scientists with powerful insights into how cellular biology works. However, model animals are really just a guide, and it can be risky to generalize findings across animals from studying a selection of model organisms.
Boosting milk yield when included in the diet at sufficient levels, lysine is an important amino acid for dairy cows. But how could lysine be advantageous for cows in other means? A new study by the University of Illinois reveals that rumen-protected lysine can enhance uterine health if given in the transition period.