Amino Acid is one of several molecules that join together to form proteins. There are 20 common amino acids found in proteins.
Cells contain numerous functional “micro-organs” known as organelles. Mitochondria, the “power plant” of the cell, are the energy-producing organelles.
The classical historic plant hormones, cytokinins, regulate different aspects of plant growth and development. These include crucial agronomic traits like grain number in rice.
Mushrooms have been making headlines due to their many health advantages. Not only do they lower one's risk of cancer and premature death, but new research led by Penn State College of Medicine also reveals that these superfoods may benefit a person's mental health.
Daily cycles in virtually every aspect of our physiology are driven by biological clocks (also called circadian clocks) in our cells.
AZoLifeSciences speaks to researchers about their latest protein research, and how protein songs can be created from classical music.
Proteins, the molecular machines, make all living organisms hum. They are capable of healing cells, preventing deadly infections, and more.
Proteases, one of the most inventive products, are utilized to enhance the efficacy of feed additives.
CMT, a rare hereditary condition, commences when genetic changes interrupt the transmission of nerve signals from the brain to the muscles of the extremities, specifically those of the lower limbs.
A team led by MDC researcher Marina Chekulaeva has figured out why protein production slows down in the nerve cells of people suffering from Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. This discovery could lead to a new therapeutic approach, the scientists report in the journal "Nucleic Acids Research".
Coffee drinkers intuitively recognize the pleasure of swallowing a smooth, rich brew versus a watery one. Aside from added cream or sugar, the coffee itself contributes to this sensation -; referred to as body or mouthfeel -; but the specific compounds are not well defined.
In a randomized control study of 10 healthy young men, researchers compared how consuming the single amino acid leucine or its two-molecule equivalent, dileucine, influenced muscle-building and breakdown.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurological condition that leads to dementia worsening with age as patients show memory, cognitive, and psychological deficits.
Gross chromosomal rearrangements--where portions of the genome become moved, deleted, or inverted--can lead to cell death and diseases such as cancer in complex multicellular organisms.
Although Enterococcus faecalis is usually an innocuous member of the bacterial community in the human gut, it can also cause several infections, including liver disorders. The bacteria produce cytolysins, which are molecules that destroy cells. In a new study, researchers have uncovered how they do so.
Researchers have developed a new method that offers novel insights into cancer biology by enabling them to unravel how single cells absorb fatty acids.
A new study published in Nature Communications suggests that gene therapy delivered into the brain may be safe and effective in treating aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency.
Newly devised gene therapy can help children born with AADC, a rare genetic disorder that causes developmental and physical disabilities.
The thyroid gland produces amino acid-based compounds known as thyroid hormones.
The protein actin is ubiquitous and essential for life. In mammals, every cell expresses two of its forms, beta-actin and gamma-nonmuscle-actin. Despite having distinct roles, the two forms are nearly identical, sharing 99% of their amino acid sequence.
Geneticists at the University of Tokyo have developed a new gene-editing technique that modifies the chloroplast of plant cells.