A carbohydrate is an organic compound with general formula C''m''(H2O)''n'', that is, consisting only of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, the last two in the 2:1 atom ratio. Carbohydrates can be viewed as hydrates of carbon, hence their name.
Imagine using insects as a source of chemicals to make plastics that can biodegrade later -; with the help of that very same type of bug.
A group of researchers guided by the University of Oxford has made significant progress in detecting changes in protein structures. The method, which was published in Nature Nanotechnology, uses novel nanopore technology to detect structural variations at the single-molecule level, even deep within long protein chains.
Researchers at North Carolina State University used a CRISPR gene-editing system to breed poplar trees with reduced levels of lignin, the major barrier to sustainable production of wood fibers, while improving their wood properties.
The finding, made with the use of the Advanced Photon Source, shows a new way to exploit monoclonal antibodies to subvert the "shield" of the virus, potentially paving the way for new therapies.
Every minute of every day, our body adapts to meet the needs of each moment. When we binge on carbs, exercise, or become sick, chemical reactions inside our cells switch on, slow down, or shift strategy so that we have the energy and strength we need.
When enhancing foods to capture the health-promoting benefits of non-digestible carbohydrates like fiber, it is important to address consumer-perceived gastrointestinal effects typically associated with fiber-rich diets.
Antibiotic resistant bacteria are becoming more and more of a concern as traditional sources of anti-microbial treatments become less effective.
Filamentous fungi have long been a close ally of sake brewers, but they may soon become associates of environmentalists as well. Scientists from Osaka Metropolitan University discovered the regulatory mechanisms of enzyme synthesis in a filamentous fungus, allowing for the effective degradation of plant biomass, an alternative energy resource to petroleum.
A team of researchers has sequenced the Honeycrisp apple genome, a boon for scientists and breeders working with this popular and economically important cultivar.
A carbohydrate commonly found attached to plant proteins is a food source for the bacteria in our gut, new research suggests.
Rising temperatures pose major challenges to the dairy industry – a Holstein's milk production can decline 30 to 70% in warm weather – but a new Cornell University-led study has found a nutrition-based solution to restore milk production during heat-stress events, while also pinpointing the cause of the decline.
Some perceive rice as a "bad" source of carbohydrates. That's because most varieties of rice have a high glycemic index.
Over 670,000 people in Europe become ill each year as a result of pathogenic bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, and 33,000 people die as a result of the diseases they cause. Pathogens that are resistant to multiple antibiotics at the same time are particularly dangerous.
One option to reduce dependence on oil and other fossil fuels is to transform agroindustrial waste into molecules of interest to society, like biofuels and biochemicals.
University of Alberta researchers have discovered new knowledge on a cellular process in the immune system.
The accurate mechanism of action of a β-1,2-glucan-associated enzyme has been determined by Japanese researchers.
A new study tries to pinpoint the crucial first step in how human immune systems recognize fungal invaders.
While dendritic cell immunoreceptor (DCIR) is known to mediate inflammation and bone metabolism, ligands that bind DCIR and the mechanisms underlying DCIR activity remain poorly understood.
People who respond well to the recommended dietary therapy of restricting intake of fermentable carbs for irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS for short, have an abundance of particular types of bacteria in their gut, reveals research published online in the journal Gut.
A study comparing the impact of diet versus drugs on the inner workings of our cells has found nutrition has a much stronger impact.