Dehydration is a condition caused by the loss of too much water from the body. Severe diarrhea or vomiting can cause dehydration.
Image processing can be used to accelerate, control and optimise processes. When artificial intelligence comes into play, the range of applications becomes even wider.
The recent research by scientists from the Centre for Research in Biological Chemistry and Molecular Materials (CiQUS, USC), together with Jacobs University (Bremen, Germany), presents a new membrane carriers’ class that leaves behind the amphiphilic paradigm.
Bacterial biofilms can thrive on almost all types of surfaces: We find them on rocks and plants, on teeth and mucous membranes, but also on contact lenses, medical implants or catheters, in the hoses of the dairy industry or drinking water pipes, where they can pose a serious threat to human health.
Cholera is still an enormous problem. An acute diarrheal disease, there have been seven major pandemics in the last two hundred years. According to the WHO, cholera still kills up to 143,000 people each year and infects up to 4 million others, mostly in poor or underdeveloped countries.
Dehydrated plant seeds can lay dormant for long periods--over 1,000 years in some species--before the availability of water can trigger germination. This protects the embryonic plant inside from a variety of environmental stresses until conditions are favorable for growth and survival.
The production of high-value pharmaceutical proteins in plants provides benefits over other manufacturing techniques.
Scientists from Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) have successfully produced microalgae biomass that has a high content of carotenoid pigments, which is suitable for the food sector.
Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have discovered that fructose stimulates the release of vasopressin, a hormone linked to obesity and diabetes.
Exercise plays a key role in maintaining good physical and mental health throughout life. There is an increasing amount of scientific evidence that some of the immune system and metabolism benefits provided by sport are related to the thousands of millions of bacteria that colonize the digestive tract, from the mouth to the intestines, known as microbiota.
A high concentration of salt or sugar in the environment will dehydrate microorganisms and stop them from growing.
The imminent environmental crisis calls for an urgent transition to a green economy. A team of scientists at Nagoya University, Japan, led by Professor Susumu Saito, has recently found an interesting way to make this happen -- by leveraging an important metabolic pathway in living cells.
A Case Western Reserve University scientist, who has for more than a decade pioneered research into synthetic platelet substitutes, has been awarded a $3.8 million grant by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) to develop freeze-dried artificial platelets that can treat bleeding in wounded soldiers in the battlefield before they can be taken to a hospital.
Scientists have discovered a crucial biomolecule that improves the repair of a person’s gut lining by encouraging stem cells to regenerate impaired tissues.
New research has revealed that the natural compound curcumin, which is present in the spice turmeric, can potentially eliminate specific viruses.
Amphibians have few options to avoid the under appreciated one-two punch of climate change, according to a new study from Simon Fraser University researchers and others.
Cellular waste disposal, where autophagy and lysosomes interact, performs elementary functions, such as degrading damaged protein molecules, which impair cellular function, and reintroducing the resulting building blocks such as amino acids into the metabolic system.
Parasite infections are a constant presence for many people who live in tropical regions, particularly in less industrialized areas.