Diarrhea is loose, watery stools. A person with diarrhea typically passes stool more than three times a day. People with diarrhea may pass more than a quart of stool a day. Acute diarrhea is a common problem that usually lasts 1 or 2 days and goes away on its own without special treatment. Prolonged diarrhea persisting for more than 2 days may be a sign of a more serious problem and poses the risk of dehydration. Chronic diarrhea may be a feature of a chronic disease.
Diarrhea can cause dehydration, which means the body lacks enough fluid to function properly. Dehydration is particularly dangerous in children and older people, and it must be treated promptly to avoid serious health problems.
Intestinal epithelial cells line the inner wall of the gut, creating a barrier to dangerous bacteria like enteropathogenic E. coli that seek to attach and efface that barrier, causing diarrhea.
Most antibiotics are double-edged swords. Besides killing the pathogen they are prescribed for, they also decimate beneficial bacteria and change the composition of the gut microbiome.
Researchers combined advanced computational methods with experimental studies to gain new insight, at the cell level, into how the plant compound formononetin might be used to treat food allergies.
New genomics research conducted by the University of Liverpool will aid in the development and implementation of vaccinations against Shigella.
A genetic variation among some Greenlanders makes sugar healthy – significantly more than for most people.
Tiny microbes belching toxic gas helped cause -; and prolong -; the biggest mass extinction in Earth's history, a new study suggests.
A recent study carried out by the University of East Anglia and Quadram Institute shows how immune cells utilize the body’s fat stores to combat infection.
Earlier studies suggest that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) might be partly due to differences in the gut microbiota composition.
Scientists from the Francis Crick Institute unraveled a basic role of glial cells in the nervous system of the gut in retaining a healthy intestine.
A group of scientists identified that a prevailing drug for treating constipation might boost an individual’s capability to think with better clarity.
Cholera is still an enormous problem. An acute diarrheal disease, there have been seven major pandemics in the last two hundred years. According to the WHO, cholera still kills up to 143,000 people each year and infects up to 4 million others, mostly in poor or underdeveloped countries.
For those with backyard poultry, like chickens or ducks, a Texas A&M AgriLife expert encourages taking precautions against salmonella exposure as cases spike across the U.S.
New research offers insight into the origins of the 2012 Bundibugyo viral disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Treatment with an immunotherapy drug following kidney cancer surgery, prolonged disease-free survival rates in patients at high risk for recurrence, according to an interim report of a phase 3 clinical trial of adjuvant immunotherapy in this patient population.
More Canadians suffer from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) than anywhere else in the world, yet current treatments often have debilitating side effects and are not always effective.
Scientists have identified a protein that could be crucial for inhibiting the most common human food poisoning, caused by bacteria, in the United States.
The world’s first systematic study has explained how SARS-CoV-2 and other human viruses are more adapted to infect specific types of tissues..
New research and analysis appearing in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, published by Elsevier, highlights the barriers cancer survivors face in maintaining a healthy diet, as well as the role nutrition may play in cancer risk and treatment.
For people buying food products, there is no way to determine the safety and quality of food that is delivered to their plates by existing distribution systems.
E. coli food poisoning is one of the worst food poisonings, causing bloody diarrhea and kidney damage. But all the carnage might be just an unintended side effect, researchers from UConn Health report in the 27 November issue of Science Immunology. Their findings might lead to more effective treatments for this potentially deadly disease.