E. coli or Escherichia coli is the name of a type of bacteria that lives in your intestines. Most types of E. coli are harmless. However, some types can make you sick and cause diarrhea. One type causes travelers' diarrhea. The worst type of E. coli causes bloody diarrhea, and can sometimes cause kidney failure and even death. These problems are most likely to occur in children and in adults with weak immune systems. You can get E. coli infections by eating foods containing the bacteria. To help avoid food poisoning and prevent infection, handle food safely. Cook meat well, wash fruits and vegetables before eating or cooking them, and avoid unpasteurized milk and juices. You can also get the infection by swallowing water in a swimming pool contaminated with human waste. Most cases of E. coli infection get better without treatment in 5 to 10 days.
The latest generation of tetracyclines - a class of powerful, first-line antibiotics - was designed to thwart the two most common ways bacteria resist such drugs.
Researchers have studied over 30,000 variants of genetic sequences to determine which traits of mRNA can enhance translational efficiency.
Organisms carry long-term "memories" of their ancestral homelands that help them adapt to environmental change, according to a new study that involved raising chickens on the Tibetan Plateau and an adjacent lowland site.
Bacteria can still acquire antibiotic resistance even in the face of complex genetic compromises related to different concentrations of antibiotics.
Researchers from UMD are using CRISPR technology in an effort to develop first-of-their-kind microelectronic devices that link with biological systems.
Researchers working on molecular-level responses in crops have taken a step closer to their goal of producing heat-tolerant wheat.
Although antibiotics are known to save lives, their use also supports the evolution and spread of antibiotic-resistant strains.
Tiny biohybrid robots on the micrometer scale can swim through the body and deliver drugs to tumors or provide other cargo-carrying functions.
The Structural Biology Lab at Kazan Federal University and the Institute of Proteins at the Russian Academy of Sciences represent the Russian side for the current study.
The potential to proliferate under acidic conditions is crucial for bacteria. Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and other such enteric bacteria have the ability to colonize and cause disease in the intestinal tract of the host. Yet, they must fight against acidic environments in the entire process of host invasion.
DNA is a genetic material that continues to survive only through replication, either naturally or synthetically. Humans require reproduction of DNA to replace damaged or old cells, but the potential to replicate DNA in a laboratory setting can allow scientists understand the disease mechanisms or the platform to develop treatments.
For the very first time, artificial intelligence (AI) has been used to discover a new type of antibiotic.