Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an ongoing or chronic health problem that causes inflammation and swelling in the digestive tract. The irritation causes bleeding sores called ulcers to form along the digestive tract. This in turn can cause crampy, abdominal pain and severe bloody diarrhea.
An article published today in the journal Science indicates that a substantial proportion of Americans are willing to use an essentially unregulated reproductive genetic technology to increase the chances of having a baby who is someday admitted to a top-100 ranked college.
Discrepancies in the gut microbiomes of people having myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) than those of healthy controls have been disclosed by newly performed research.
The severity of immune-mediated intestinal diseases like graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) or inflammatory bowel disease is known to be associated with changes in the gut microbiome, but what causes such disruption in the microbial community is unknown.
Scientists at the University of Galway, in collaboration with APC Microbiome Ireland, a world-class SFI Research Centre, have developed a database of over 7,000 digital microbes, allowing computer simulations of how drug treatments operate and how patients may respond.
New findings from the FinnGen study illustrate the clear advantages of the Finnish health research environment for genomic research.
Institut Pasteur, Université Paris Cité, the CNRS, and the Collège de France researchers have employed paleogenomics to trace 10,000 years of human immune system evolution. They examined the genomes of over 2,800 individuals who lived in Europe over the past 10 millennia.
Engineering researchers have developed a battery-free, pill-shaped ingestible biosensing system designed to provide continuous monitoring in the intestinal environment.
Researchers at Mount Sinai’s Tisch Cancer Institute have discovered a new gene that is crucial to the development of colon cancer and established that inflammation in the region surrounding the tumor can contribute to the development of tumor cells.
According to a recent study conducted by scientists at Emory University in Atlanta, the administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics in mice with malignant melanoma, an aggressive type of skin cancer, expedited their metastatic bone growth.
According to scientists, the gut microbiome—a colony of bacteria that inhabits the digestive system—can be altered by the host body’s genes in addition to nutrition and environment.
Many people with dietary allergies may have minor symptoms when they consume foods that trigger them, but for some, the consequences could be lethal. In lab experiments, a bacterial chemical called butyrate produced by healthy microbiomes has shown promise in preventing allergy reactions, but it is unpleasant to consume.
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai have created a way to determine the human gut microorganisms that are most likely to cause a variety of inflammatory disorders, including obesity, liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, and several neurological conditions.
A human rights activist and a team of anthropologists and human biologists are scrutinizing how Indigenous peoples are involved in microbiome research.
A team of researchers at Sweden’s Karolinska Institutet studied how specific immune cells known as innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), which play a role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), evolve into mature cells.
Research in recent years has demonstrated the diverse roles that gut bacteria can play in health and disease, but what about contributions from viruses, which, like bacteria, perpetually reside within the human intestine?
Bile acids made by the liver have long been known for their critical role in helping to absorb the food we ingest.
Steroids and antibody drugs are currently used to treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is characterized by chronic inflammation of the digestive tract.
Around 500,000 people in the UK live with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), a life-long, chronic condition characterized by sporadic bouts of gut inflammation causing debilitating symptoms.
Scientists have observed for the very first time that insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are attacked by T lymphocytes during the evolution of Type 1 Diabetes.
According to a recent preclinical study from Weill Cornell Medicine, a certain species of fungus found in the intestines can protect against intestinal damage.