Metabolism is the means by which the body derives energy and synthesizes the other molecules it needs from the fats, carbohydrates and proteins we eat as food, by enzymatic reactions helped by minerals and vitamins.
A high-fiber diet is known to have several health benefits. Scientific studies point to protection against such diseases as cancer and diabetes.
According to a recent Northwestern Medicine study published in Nature Communications, aerobic glycolysis, the process by which cells convert glucose into lactate, is essential for eye development in mammals.
N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most extensively studied RNA modification across multiple species, and its importance in the immune system has been demonstrated in a variety of contexts, including mRNA metabolism, cell differentiation, proliferation, and response to stimulation.
A team from the University of Tokyo has combined economic theory with biology to understand how natural systems respond to change. The researchers noticed a similarity between consumers' shopping behavior and the behavior of metabolic systems, which convert food into energy in our bodies. The team focused on predicting how different metabolic systems might respond to environmental change by using an economic tool called the Slutsky equation.
From Aristotle's musings on the nature of time to Einstein's theory of relativity, humanity has long pondered: how do we perceive and understand time? The theory of relativity posits that time can stretch and contract, a phenomenon known as time dilation. Just as the cosmos warps time, our neural circuits can stretch and compress our subjective experience of time. As Einstein famously quipped, "Put your hand on a hot stove for a minute, and it seems like an hour. Sit with a pretty girl for an hour, and it seems like a minute".
The unborn baby “remote controls” its mother’s metabolism, resulting in a nutritional tug-of-war between the two. The mother’s body requires the baby to survive, but she also needs enough glucose and fats in her system to be able to deliver the baby, breastfeed, and reproduce again.
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a gene called Lipe that appears to be pivotal to retinal health, with mutations spurring immune activation and retinal degeneration.
For most of our tissues and cells, a lack of oxygen, or hypoxia, is bad news. Cancer cells, on the other hand, can thrive in these hypoxic conditions, which render tumors less susceptible to anti-cancer treatments, including radiation.
Glutaminase 2 (GLS2) is a master regulator of glutaminolysis. GLS2 converts glutamine to glutamate, thereby playing a role in cellular energy production. GLS2 is abundant in the liver, and is also found in pancreatic β-cells. However, the role of GLS2 in pancreatic islets – in which both ɑ- and β- cells are present – associated with glucose metabolism is currently unknown.
According to new research, wild birds living in vineyards are more vulnerable to triazole fungicide contamination than other agricultural landscapes.
Over the years, substantial evidence has consistently demonstrated the profound influence of the microbiome, encompassing all microorganisms residing within a living organism, on various vital processes and interactions with their hosts.
New research suggests that the use of an omega-3 rich oil called "ahiflower oil" can prevent damage to honey bee mitochondria caused by neonicotinoid pesticides.
What is the easiest way to know if a fruit fly is hungry? Ask a computer.
Researchers led by McMaster University professor Gregory Steinberg and postdoctoral research fellow Dongdong Wang have uncovered a key mechanism for promoting weight loss and maintaining the burning of calories during dieting.
Researchers at IRB Barcelona, the University of Barcelona (UB), VIMM, and the University of Padua unveil the key role of Mitofusin 2 cellular makeup in interconnecting organelles within cells.
Thor, the legendary Norse god from the mythological city of Asgard, is not alone. According to groundbreaking research published in the journal Nature, we humans -; along with eagles, starfish, daisies and every complex organism on Earth -; are, in a sense, Asgardians.
Eating fatty fish decreased the lipophilic index in people with impaired glucose metabolism or coronary heart disease, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.
Recent research from the Earlham Institute identified candidate genes that might help fish endure warmer and saltier water, possibly providing a vital resource to drive breeding programs in freshwater aquaculture.
Human pluripotent stem cells were effectively transformed into purified pituitary cells, which aggregated into hormone-secreting organoids.
Pollen coat biosynthesis and transport are intricate processes involving compartmentalized biosynthesis, coordinated transport, and exact regulation between organelles and cell types, according to research conducted under the direction of Prof. Xiaoquan Qi at the Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.