Metabolism is the means by which the body derives energy and synthesizes the other molecules it needs from the fats, carbohydrates and proteins we eat as food, by enzymatic reactions helped by minerals and vitamins.
The human body heals wounds or detoxifies harmful substances like histamine with the help of a group of enzymes called copper amine oxidases.
An international team of scientists led by University of Vienna microbiologist Alexander Loy identified a novel intestinal microbe that feeds only on taurine and creates the foul-smelling gas hydrogen sulfide.
As the northern hemisphere experiences shorter and colder days, individuals who prefer morning workouts may encounter increased difficulty in getting up and running.
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena are investigating the previously largely unknown biosynthetic pathway that leads to the formation of cardenolides in plants.
The abundance of two species of bacteria known to be good for human health and used as probiotics, Clostridium butyricum and Parabacteroides distasonis, has been linked to high concentrations of key proteins in human breast milk, particularly osteopontin and κ-casein.
Scientists at the University of Arizona Cancer Center have made a breakthrough by uncovering a novel category of compounds that target iron, impeding the growth of malignant cells cultured in a laboratory environment.
The sequencing of the human genome promised a revolution in medicine, but scientists soon realized that a genetic blueprint alone does not show the body in action.
Investigators at Tokyo Metropolitan University have demonstrated the pivotal role of the Musashi-2 (Msi2) protein in governing mass and metabolic functions within skeletal muscle.
Histidine is crucial to maintaining milk production and milk protein content when cows are fed diets with low protein concentrations, according to an array of research that was published in the Journal of Dairy Science
Fruit and vegetable storage life can be significantly impacted by mold and fungi-based diseases. Some fungi, however, help their hosts by promoting plant survival.
New research published in Nature Metabolism discovered the pathogenic mechanism driving mitochondrial enoyl reductase protein-associated neurodegeneration (MEPAN) syndrome, a rare pediatric neurodegenerative disease.
Researchers discovered a new type of marine bacteria with distinct traits on the ocean floor.
Investigators are learning more about how schizophrenia develops by investigating the most powerful known genetic risk factor.
Yan Zhao gestured toward the trees outside his campus window on a rainy afternoon.
Michael Bloom, Associate Professor, Global and Community Health, received $158,900 from the National Institutes of Health for the project: "Impact of Exposure to Perfluoroalkyl Substances on Weight Loss: A Pilot Study of Hispanic Children with Overweight/Obesity Participating in a Community-based Weight Loss Intervention Program."
New animal research suggests that little-studied brain cells known as astrocytes are major players in controlling sleep need and may someday help humans go without sleep for longer without negative consequences such as mental fatigue and impaired physical health.
Tumor cells are known to be fickle sleeper agents, often lying dormant in distant tissues for years before reactivating and forming metastasis. Numerous factors have been studied to understand why the activation occurs, from cells and molecules to other components in the so-called tissue microenvironment.
Bacteria make up more than 10% of all living things but until recently we had little realization that, as in humans, soil bacteria have internal clocks that synchronize their activities with the 24-hour cycles of day and night on Earth.
Mothers who eat apples and herbs in early pregnancy could be protecting the brain health of their children and grandchildren, a Monash University study using genetic models has found.
An innovative study headed by Giulia Ghedini, who is a principal investigator at Gulbenkian, has given a new understanding of the complex relationship between evolution, competition, and ecological communities.