Metabolism is the means by which the body derives energy and synthesizes the other molecules it needs from the fats, carbohydrates and proteins we eat as food, by enzymatic reactions helped by minerals and vitamins.
Scientists have designed a new targeted therapy, known as POMHEX, which inhibits vital metabolic pathways in tumor cells containing specific genetic defects.
There is growing evidence that adipose tissue plays a key role in the aggravation of COVID-19. One of the theories under investigation is that fat cells (adipocytes) act as a reservoir for SARS-CoV-2 and increase viral load in obese or overweight individuals.
According to the World Health Organization, obesity has nearly tripled worldwide since 1975. In 2016, for example, more than 1.9 billion adults were categorized as overweight. Of these, more than 650 million had obesity.
Effector regulatory T cells, also known as eTreg cells, are a specialized subset of white blood cells that maintain the immune system.
Several branches of industry discharge waste gases that contain mostly carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide.
Scientists have accomplished a major breakthrough by altering a microorganism to efficiently create a target compound using CRISPR-based gene editing.
High levels of reactive oxygen species, called oxidants, are detrimental to cells in all organisms and have been associated with ageing.
A recent study by researchers at the University of Jyväskylä was successful in partially preventing fatty liver disease in rats.
Although all humans share similar changes during aging such as gray hair, wrinkles, and a general decline in function, aging is considered to be the result of a cellular wear-and-tear process due to accumulated random damage, such as genetic mutations or DNA structural damage.
While all human beings share changes during aging, like wrinkles, gray hair, and a general drop in function, aging is assumed to be the outcome of a cellular process.
A University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental health scientist has used an unprecedented objective approach to identify which molecular mechanisms in mammals are the most sensitive to chemical exposures.
Scientists have discovered that sodium bicarbonate - also known as baking soda or bicarbonate of soda - can reprogram T cells in leukemia patients to resist the immune-suppressing effects of cancer cells, which can drive leukemia relapse after stem cell transplants.
In this interview, AZoLifeSciences speaks to Professor Kuhnle about his latest research which showed that a diet high in flavanols may lower blood pressure.
A new study from Lawson Health Research Institute, Western University and University of Alberta suggests that COVID-19 affects the human body's blood concentration levels of specific metabolites - small molecules broken down in the human body through the process of metabolism.
Researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan have proposed that cellular senescence variations during the aging process could lead to control of health and onset of age-related diseases.
Where are small marine animals most vulnerable to getting eaten? The answer has big consequences for coastal ecosystems, where most of the world's fishing takes place, since predators can radically change underwater communities.
Research from Saint Louis University finds that high fat or "ketogenic" diets could completely prevent, or even reverse heart failure caused by a metabolic process.
SPIN (SPermidin and eugenol INtegrator for the contrasting incidence of coronavirus in EU population) is a European project powered by EIT Food that is currently developing a dietary supplement supporting the function of the immune system in the fight against SARS-CoV-2 infections in the population at high risk.
People who consume a diet including flavanol-rich foods and drinks, including tea, apples and berries, could lead to lower blood pressure, according to the first study using objective measures of thousands of UK residents' diet.
Gene editing for the development of new treatments, and for studying disease as well as normal function in humans and other organisms, may advance more quickly with a new tool for cutting larger pieces of DNA out of a cell's genome, according to a new study by UC San Francisco scientists.