Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset or noninsulindependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes taking diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some.
The reason why some people age worse than others and develop diseases linked to the aging mechanism is largely unknown.
Almost all cells regulate their biological processes over a 24-hour period, otherwise called a cell's circadian rhythm. To do so, cells use a biological clock that cycles different genes on and off throughout the day and night.
Hundreds of connections between different human diseases have been uncovered through their shared origin in our genome by an international research team led by scientists from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Epidemiology Unit at the University of Cambridge, challenging the categorisation of diseases by organ, symptoms, or clinical speciality.
For the first time, DNA mutations in liver cells have been identified that impact metabolism and insulin sensitivity in patients with liver disease.
Scientists from the Karolinska Institutet discovered certain metabolic mechanisms that SARS-CoV-2 employs to attack lung tissue.
Scientists from the Karolinska Institutet pinpointed a protein that enhances motor coordination, muscular metabolism, and exercise performance in mice.
A recent study has proposed that taking an extremely low-calorie whey protein microgel shot 15 minutes before a meal decreases post-meal blood sugar spikes.
A synthetic aftertaste might not be the only side effect of switching to diet soda, especially if you're trying to lose weight.
A Cleveland Clinic-led research team found that statistically overweight children who followed a healthy eating pattern significantly improved weight and reduced a variety of cardiovascular disease risks.
Recent research revealed the chemical steps in a vital cellular modification mechanism that inserts a chemical tag to certain RNAs. Interference of this process in humans can result in cancers, diabetes, and neuronal diseases.
A synthetic molecular code exhibits the potential of enhancing the response of certain cancer patients to immunotherapy treatments.
When rats are fed a high fat diet, this disturbs the body clock in their brain that normally controls satiety, leading to over-eating and obesity. That's according to new research published in The Journal of Physiology.
In recent years, scientists have developed monoclonal antibodies -; proteins that mimic the body's own immune defenses -; that can combat a variety of diseases, including some cancers and autoimmune disorders such as Crohn's disease.
Time-restricted eating (TRE) is a dietary regimen in which eating is restricted to particular hours. It has received great attention in weight-loss circles.
Whole-genome sequencing activities have provided valuable insights into historical migrations, human diversity, and the relationships between people of different regions.
A team of Oxford researchers successfully identified hundreds of genetic markers that are involved in two of life’s most momentous milestones.
Researchers at the Keck School of Medicine (KSOM) of USC are among the contributors to a large-scale ethnically diverse genetic study that has expanded what we know about potential causes of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes patients who are not overweight and who have had the disorder for less than a decade can benefit from stromal stem cells transplanted from their own bone marrow, according to a study published today in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine.
Eating at least two serves of fruit daily has been linked with 36 percent lower odds of developing type 2 diabetes, a new Edith Cowan University (ECU) study has found.
Skeletal muscle makes up 30% to 40% of body weight and serves multiple functions like heat production and energy metabolism.