A biomarker is a biological molecule found in blood, other body fluids, or tissues that is a sign of a normal or abnormal process, or of a condition or disease. A biomarker may be used to see how well the body responds to a treatment for a disease or condition. Also called molecular marker and signature molecule.
Gyros Protein Technologies AB today introduced Gyrolab® Human Cytokine Kit Reagents, the first in a range of new biomarker kits.
According to a new study, patients with head and neck cancer who have more chromosome 9 genetic material in their cancer cells survive three times longer after accepting immunotherapy than patients who have less of it.
According to research results published online ahead of print in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons (JACS), microRNA (miRNA) can be used as a biomarker to identify which individuals are most likely to experience breast cancer recurrence and mortality.
Researchers found a much faster way to screen soil bacteria as potential biostimulants and bio-pesticides.
Ancient viral remnants in the human genome are active in both healthy and diseased tissues, restricting their applicability as disease indicators, according to a study published on October 18th, 2022, in the open access journal PLOS Biology by Aidan Burn at Tufts University in Boston, USA and colleagues.
According to a recent viewpoint piece in Science by a UT Southwestern researcher, there is growing evidence that the microbes found in the human stomach might also affect a person’s neurological and emotional health.
On July 25th, 2022, a new study perspective called “SLFN11’s surveillance role in protein homeostasis” was published in Volume 9 of Oncoscience.
Mitochondria are self-contained organelles that reside inside cells and are tasked with producing the chemical energy required to power vital tasks necessary for life and wellbeing. They have their own mini-chromosome and DNA.
The energy centers of cells and mitochondria have their own genetic material and RNA molecules.
Understanding how plants process light is key to improving crop yields. Light helps plants know when to grow and flower at the right time.
Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have developed a new approach to quantify tumor-specific total mRNA levels from patient tumor samples, which contain both cancer and non-cancer cells.
The formation of aqueous droplets in macromolecules by liquid-liquid phase separation (or coacervation) is a popular topic in life sciences research. DNA is particularly interesting among the numerous macromolecules that form droplets because it is predictable and programmable, both of which are desirable properties in nanotechnology.
Highly structured chromatin encodes the program of life with only one set of genes in the core of every cell. Since various genes are stimulated at different periods of life while staying silent elsewhere, this is feasible. Some genes from a former life stage are hidden deep within the nuclear perimeter, while others manage to break out.
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are cancerous tumors of the brain and spinal cord that are incredibly aggressive.
In cancer management, biomarkers are commonly used to guide treatment decisions and evaluate patient outcomes.
Patients diagnosed with a type of brain tumor survived for longer when they were treated aggressively with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.
A research team led by scientists from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology has revealed how secondary structure RNA elements control the cleavage activity of the DICER enzyme in both pre-miRNA and short-hairpin RNAs, improving the understanding of the DICER cleavage mechanism and providing a foundation for the design of accurate and efficient short-hairpin RNAs for gene-silencing.
Melanoma is a somewhat unusual cancer-;one that blooms before our very eyes, often on sun-exposed skin, and can quickly become deadly as it turns our own skin against us and spreads to other organs.
The mystery is being unraveled of why the control centers, or nuclei, of certain blood cancer cells have a distinctly odd shape.
Researchers have identified a family of proteins that is significantly elevated in the saliva of patients hospitalized with COVID-19.