Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms new cells as you need them, replacing old cells that die. Sometimes this process goes wrong. New cells grow even when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should. These extra cells can form a mass called a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors can invade nearby tissues. They can also break away and spread to other parts of the body.
Immunologists have plotted a previously unfamiliar biological pathway through which the immune system produces T cells that destroy viruses.
After the successful conclusion of the “Human Genome Project”, an international research team has sequenced a total of 64 human genomes at high resolution.
Swedish researchers have published novel molecular mapping of proteins that controls the process of cell division—detecting 300 of these proteins.
The majority of organisms feature the series of ENDOU enzymes, but despite this fact, the functions of these enzymes have not been properly understood.
Genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and others... The "omics" technologies keep revolutionizing medicine and biomedical sciences.
A machine learning algorithm helps accurately differentiate benign and premalignant colorectal polyps on CT colonography scans, according to a study published in the journal Radiology.
Researchers from the University of Illinois Chicago have discovered a new gene-editing technique that allows for the programming of sequential cuts -- or edits -- over time.
In the course of a new and groundbreaking study, led by Dr, Natalia Freund and the doctoral candidate Avia Waston at the Sackler Medical Faculty, the research group succeeded in isolating monoclonal antibodies, which hindered the growth of tuberculosis germs in laboratory mice.
Joshua Leonard, a synthetic biologist from Northwestern University, used electronic kits to create devices when he was a child.
Developing “super soldiers” of particular white blood cells to promote an anti-tumor reaction has been demonstrated in a series of well-designed experiments.
According to a new study, a gene associated with an exceptionally long-life span in human beings guards the brain stem cells against the adverse effects of stress.
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have combined results from a functional test measuring the effect of inherited variants in the BRCA2 breast and ovarian cancer gene with clinical information from women who received genetic testing to determine the clinical importance of many BRCA2 variants of uncertain significance (VUS).
Disorders of the cells' energy supply can cause a number of serious diseases, but also seem to be connected to aging.
Mitochondria are organelles that act as the powerhouses in our body. They use oxygen which we inhale and the food we eat to produce energy that supports our life.
A new tool developed by an multidisciplinary team of mathematicians and biologists from the University of California, Irvine could help decode the language used by cells to interact with each other.
In the field of structural biology, certain molecules are so uncommon that they can only be captured with a special set of tools.
Recently, messenger RNA, also called mRNA, vaccines, to combat the COVID-19 infection have made headlines worldwide, but researchers have already been experimenting with mRNA vaccines to prevent or cure other illnesses, including certain types of cancer.
A Ludwig Cancer Research study has identified a novel mechanism by which a type of cancer immunotherapy known as CTLA-4 blockade can disable suppressive immune cells to aid the destruction of certain tumors.
In people with central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma, cancerous B cells--a type of white blood cell--accumulate to form tumors in the brain or spinal cord, often in close proximity to blood vessels.
One of the fundamental principles of biology is the fact that cells are motile and make contact with one another.