Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is also known as chronic myelogenous leukemia. According to the American Cancer Society, CML is a type of cancer that starts in blood-forming cells of the bone marrow and then invades the blood. It can spread to the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and other parts of the body. CML can also change into a fast-growing acute leukemia that invades almost any organ in the body.
The abundant presence of an enzyme known as low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatase (LMWPTP) in tumor cells has long been considered an indicator of cancer aggressiveness and metastatic potential.
Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) is a group of rare malignancies with overlapping features from myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), that include a variety of diseases depending on their phenotype (hematological and morphological characteristics).
A team of researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center used CRISPR technology to identify key regulators of aggressive chronic myeloid leukemia, a type of cancer that remains difficult to treat and is marked by frequent relapse.