A hormone is a chemical released by one or more cells that affects cells in other parts of the organism. Only a small amount of hormone is required to alter cell metabolism. It is essentially a chemical messenger that transports a signal from one cell to another.
Aging is a multifaceted process that affects our bodies in many ways. In a new study, researchers from Osaka University developed a novel vaccine that removes aged immune cells and then demonstrated an improvement of diabetes-associated metabolic derangements by vaccinating obese mice.
University of East Anglia scientists have helped find a way to control different plant processes - such as when they grow - using nothing but colored light.
Researchers have developed a method to spur the production of new antibiotic or antiparasitic compounds hiding in the genomes of actinobacteria, which are the source of drugs such as actinomycin and streptomycin and are known to harbor other untapped chemical riches.
Obesity is usually categorized into metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and also into an unhealthy version of obesity.
In the face of a multipronged front to drive blood pressure up, including a high-salt diet, females are better able to keep their pressure down by increasing levels of a T cell that selectively dials back inflammation, scientists say.
AZoLifeSciences speaks to Professor David J. Rawlings from the Seattle children's hospital about recent developments in engineered T cells for type 1 diabetes.
As many cancer patients will confirm, the chemotherapy prescribed to kill the disease is often more debilitating than the cancer itself, with a range of horrendous side effects.
Researchers have discovered a new set of signals that cells send and receive to prompt one type of fat cell to convert fat into heat.
Plant biologists have been looking to gain insight into the underlying processes involving enzymes, kinases that catalyze biological activities in proteins.
Plants produce the hormone jasmonic acid as a defense response when challenged. This is how they ensure that their predators no longer like the taste of their leaves.
According to a new study, one in three women in Europe has inherited the progesterone receptor from Neandertals.
The microbes that inhabit our bodies are influenced by what we eat, drink, and breathe and most of us are exposed to environmental contaminants.
Chemical compounds found in many consumer products could be major contributors to the onset of lipid-related diseases, such as obesity according to a study.
A woman's genetic make-up may cause her to gain weight when using a popular form of birth control, according to a study from researchers.
Scientists have developed a technique to assess the impact of particular drugs in pancreatic tissues by using an advanced single-cell RNA sequencing approach.
The anti-cancer medicine venetoclax could improve the current therapy for estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer - the most common form of breast cancer in Australia - according to preclinical studies led by Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers.
Over the last six years, a group of geneticists has studied genes associated primarily with female hormone synthesis and ovarian follicle development.
By manipulating the expression of one gene, geneticists can induce a form of "stress memory" in plants giving them the potential for more productive growth.
The standard treatment for men with advanced prostate cancer is androgen-deprivation therapy. This article looks at how the prostate gland regenerates.
Just where fat is deposited in the body and to what degree a person may benefit from a lifestyle intervention depends, among other things, on how sensitive the brain is to insulin.