A hormone is a chemical released by one or more cells that affects cells in other parts of the organism. Only a small amount of hormone is required to alter cell metabolism. It is essentially a chemical messenger that transports a signal from one cell to another.
A new meta-analysis finds that a genetic biomarker test accurately predicts how men with high-risk prostate cancer will respond to treatment with radiation and hormone therapy.
Drugs that promise to help people lose weight have had a checkered past, such as the infamous fen-phen that was pulled from the market in 1997 after reports of heart valve damage.
The classical historic plant hormones, cytokinins, regulate different aspects of plant growth and development. These include crucial agronomic traits like grain number in rice.
A team of scientists in Montreal and Paris has succeeded in identifying the gene responsible for the development of a food-dependent form of Cushing's Syndrome, a rare disease affecting both adrenal glands.
JEOL USA, Inc, a leader in the mass spectrometry space for over 60 years, will introduce their JMS-TQ4000GC triple quadrupole GC-MS/MS to the cannabis scientific community at MJBizCon, the preeminent Marijuana Business Conference for cannabis professionals, which takes place in Las Vegas from October 19th 2021 – October 22nd 2021.
Almost every living thing on Earth-;from bacteria to plants to people-;have a circadian rhythm, the biological clock that controls both physiology and behavior of organisms over a 24-hour period.
A recent study has proposed that taking an extremely low-calorie whey protein microgel shot 15 minutes before a meal decreases post-meal blood sugar spikes.
A new study delves into the evolution and function of the human growth hormone receptor gene, and asks what forces in humanity's past may have driven changes to this vital piece of DNA.
Recent research indicates that a familiar inflammatory skin condition might arise due to inadequately regulated sex hormones.
Seeds that would otherwise lie dormant will spring to life with the aid of a new chemical discovered by a UC Riverside-led team.
Researchers at Kobe University's Biosignal Research Center have successfully developed plants that can be used to detect organic pollutants, such as polychlorinated biphenyls and endocrine-disrupting chemicals, which contaminate soil and water.
When rats are fed a high fat diet, this disturbs the body clock in their brain that normally controls satiety, leading to over-eating and obesity. That's according to new research published in The Journal of Physiology.
A team of scientists at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign developed a bioprocess using engineered yeast that completely and efficiently converted plant matter consisting of acetate and xylose into high-value bioproducts.
The dining time of different insects impacts a plant's defenses and nutritional quality-;a complexity uncovered in new research with implications for pest management strategies.
Chronic stress is a well-known cause for mental health disorders. New research has moved a step forward in understanding how glucocorticoid hormones ('stress hormones') act upon the brain and what their function is.
An immune signal promotes the production of energy-burning "beige fat," according to a new study publishing August 5th in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Zhonghan Yang of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China, and colleagues.
Scientists headed by the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center converted an immune cold cancer into one that responds to immunotherapy.
Drought can have a lasting impact on the community of microbes that live in and around roots of rice plants, a team led by UC Davis researchers has found.
Scientists have completed the largest and most diverse genetic study of type 1 diabetes ever undertaken, identifying new drug targets to treat a condition that affects 1.3 million American adults.
Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR) successfully created the first genetically engineered marsupial. The research and its findings published in the Current Biology journal help decipher the genetic background of special characteristics found only in marsupials.