A hormone is a chemical released by one or more cells that affects cells in other parts of the organism. Only a small amount of hormone is required to alter cell metabolism. It is essentially a chemical messenger that transports a signal from one cell to another.
The lifespan extension caused by a low-protein diet appears to be coordinated by a single hormone.
Prostate cancer that has spread to other regions of the body is commonly treated with hormone treatment, but many individuals develop resistance to it, making their disease more aggressive and potentially fatal.
Most plants strive to preserve resources when they are exposed to circumstances that are excessively dry, salty, or cold.
When faced with conditions that are too dry, salty, or cold, most plants try to conserve resources. They send out fewer leaves and roots and close up their pores to hold in water. If circumstances don't improve, they eventually die.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), commonly known as fatty liver disease, is a prevalent disease frequently seen in obese people. Having high fat content in the liver is detrimental as it is strongly associated with severe health problems like diabetes, high blood pressure, and liver cancer.
The pancreas is a key metabolic regulator. When pancreatic beta cells cease producing enough insulin, blood sugar levels rise dangerously — a phenomenon known as hyperglycemia — thus triggering diabetes.
A mutated gene found in more than 20% to 30% of breast cancer recurrences may help tumors become more aggressive and promote metastasis, according to a pair of new studies that uncover mechanisms behind these processes and point to new therapy targets.
Researchers from Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology have made a novel revelation about the processes of bone loss in gum disease (periodontitis).
Researchers at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine have created RNA molecules that bind to human pancreatic beta cells, which generate insulin and are destroyed in type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients.
Researchers combined advanced computational methods with experimental studies to gain new insight, at the cell level, into how the plant compound formononetin might be used to treat food allergies.
Hormones or chemical messengers link to cell membrane receptors to tweak how the cell responds, creating a metaphorical interaction and traffic network on the surface of cell membranes inside human body.
According to plant scientists at RIKEN, a class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs might be useful for studying the molecular processes underlying plant immunity.
Researchers from Clemson University have found a genetic variation linked to a potentially fatal esophageal disease common in German shepherd dogs.
Sepsis is a high-mortality disease that arises when the body's immune reaction to pathogens causes multi-organ defects.
It's common to say that someone looks either younger or older than their chronological age, but aging is more than skin deep.
Manipulating the content of carotenoids, such as ß-carotene, has been found to improve plant growth and increase yield and tolerance to abiotic stresses such as drought and salinity.
New advancements in the transplantation of stem cell-derived insulin-producing beta cells to cure type 1 diabetes have created substantial curiosity.
Scientists have observed for the very first time that insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are attacked by T lymphocytes during the evolution of Type 1 Diabetes.
The link between nutrition and mating is not limited to humans; it can be found in animals from all over the world.
Phosphorus is one of the most important nutrients for plants. Among other functions, it is needed to create substances for the plant’s immune system, for the healthy development of seeds and for root growth.