Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
Researchers at Hiroshima University have analyzed the molecular findings of almost 160 pediatric liver cancer cases and discovered molecular markers that should help to understand and treat the considerable variation in prognoses.
Scientists recently demonstrated a process by which specific cell types in human organs can be investigated with micrometer precision.
In recent years, scientists have developed monoclonal antibodies -; proteins that mimic the body's own immune defenses -; that can combat a variety of diseases, including some cancers and autoimmune disorders such as Crohn's disease.
A group of scientists have identified a connection between the type of microbiome that recolonizes the gut after antibiotics and the lessened lifespan in mice.
Time-restricted eating (TRE) is a dietary regimen in which eating is restricted to particular hours. It has received great attention in weight-loss circles.
An immune signal promotes the production of energy-burning "beige fat," according to a new study publishing August 5th in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Zhonghan Yang of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China, and colleagues.
Scientists have completed the largest and most diverse genetic study of type 1 diabetes ever undertaken, identifying new drug targets to treat a condition that affects 1.3 million American adults.
Researchers at the Keck School of Medicine (KSOM) of USC are among the contributors to a large-scale ethnically diverse genetic study that has expanded what we know about potential causes of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes patients who are not overweight and who have had the disorder for less than a decade can benefit from stromal stem cells transplanted from their own bone marrow, according to a study published today in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine.
Eating at least two serves of fruit daily has been linked with 36 percent lower odds of developing type 2 diabetes, a new Edith Cowan University (ECU) study has found.
Aging is associated with an overall decline in health and increased frailty, and is a major risk factor for multiple chronic diseases.
Multi-factorial metabolic and inflammatory abnormalities in obesity, independently or in combination, seems to be the critical biological link of obesity, cancer and racial/gender health disparities. However, the specific cross-talk between these factors remain elusive.
Researchers revealed a predicted causative role for certain cell types in type 1 diabetes by examining its genetic foundations.
Processed diets, which are low in fiber, may initially reduce the incidence of foodborne infectious diseases such as E. coli infections, but might also increase the incidence of diseases characterized by low-grade chronic infection and inflammation such as diabetes, according to researchers in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University.
A new approach to gene editing using the CRISPR/Cas9 system bypasses disease-causing mutations in a gene, enabling treatment of genetic diseases linked to a single gene, such as cystic fibrosis, certain types of sickle cell anemia, and other rare diseases.
A university has recently completed a study that suggests that the machinery responsible for handling the energy in fat tissues is performing poorly in obesity.
Type I Diabetes Mellitus, also called T1D, is an autoimmune disorder that results in an irreversible loss of insulin-producing beta-cells found in the pancreas.
Thanks to a newly published study by scientists, artificial intelligence (AI) can now create novel and functionally active proteins.
Consumption of a diet with high fat levels increases the risk of fatty liver, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes.
Obesity, diabetes, and overall immune system health are issues that are all top-of-mind right now, especially during the pandemic.