Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
Scientists from the Diabetes Research Institute at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine have developed a method allowing for the long-term culture of "pancreatic slices" to study the regeneration of the human pancreas in real time.
Aging is a multifaceted process that affects our bodies in many ways. In a new study, researchers from Osaka University developed a novel vaccine that removes aged immune cells and then demonstrated an improvement of diabetes-associated metabolic derangements by vaccinating obese mice.
Obesity is usually categorized into metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and also into an unhealthy version of obesity.
Volume 11, Issue 25 of @Oncotarget reported that the present study was aimed at evaluating the hypothesis that p53 governs the expression and activation of the INSR gene in breast cancer cells.
AZoLifeSciences speaks to Professor David J. Rawlings from the Seattle children's hospital about recent developments in engineered T cells for type 1 diabetes.
Results show that risk factors for cardiovascular disease were similar when participants consumed a healthy eating pattern with and without lean beef.
A new way of using genetics to diagnose diabetes could pave the way for better diagnosis and treatment in Indians, new research has concluded.
According to a study, the 3D structure of the human genome is fundamental to provide a quick and strong inflammatory response.
Obesity affects more than 40 percent of adults in the United States and 13 percent of the global population.
Genetic engineering of bacteria has transformed contemporary medicine, from bacterial-based insulin to a deeper insight into infectious diseases.
For the first time, a research team led by Martin Fussenegger, a professor at ETH Zurich, has successfully used electric current to directly manipulate gene expression.
Researchers developed a new weight loss amphetamine that could potentially avoid the side effects of older treatments.
Scientists have developed a technique to assess the impact of particular drugs in pancreatic tissues by using an advanced single-cell RNA sequencing approach.
Scientists identified two genes that can regulate levels of healthy fats, called FAHFAs, in mice.
Obesity has been shown to place physical stress on the body, but new research suggests that excess weight may also cause mental fatigue.
The loss of insulin-secreting beta cells leads to type 1 diabetes. Islet cell transplantation has the potential to cure diabetes, but donors are rare.
Just where fat is deposited in the body and to what degree a person may benefit from a lifestyle intervention depends, among other things, on how sensitive the brain is to insulin.
Researchers have confirmed that Orujo olive oil produces a significant reduction in obesity and inflammatory complications in obese mice.
Revealing the interactions between metal ions and peptides in the body could help develop enhanced treatments for Alzheimer’s diabetes, and other diseases.
When we are exposed to sufficient cold or exercise, small clusters of brown fat cells in our bodies begin to burn up energy.