Metabolism is the means by which the body derives energy and synthesizes the other molecules it needs from the fats, carbohydrates and proteins we eat as food, by enzymatic reactions helped by minerals and vitamins.
Working alongside colleagues in Mainz, Bern, Hannover and Bonn, researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, the Berlin Institute of Health and the German Rheumatism Research Center Berlin were able to show how the microbiome helps to render the immune system capable of responding to pathogens.
Microbial communities in the intestine -- also known as the gut microbiome -- are vital for human digestion, metabolism and resistance to colonization by pathogens.
A protein shredder takes place in the cell membranes of brain cells. A new study has demonstrated that this protein shredder also controls fat metabolism.
Neural stem cells play a major role in the early development of the brain and they also continue to remain active throughout the lifetime.
A research team has demonstrated that the DNA sequences inherited from the father and the mother can possibly be disentangled to generate true diploid genomes.
Scientists at the Department of Infection and Immunity of the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH) revealed a novel mechanism through which the immune system can control autoimmunity and cancer.
The human gut microbiota consists of bacteria, fungi, and viruses constituting an inner chemical factory producing a multitude of microbial compounds.
Precision medicine is capable of customizing treatments according to the unique genetic sequence of a patient.
Ischemia is a disease that occurs when tissue stops receiving the vascular supply it needs. Though it can affect several organs, the digestive system is one of the most harmed by the loss of blood circulation, making it one of the most common veterinarian emergencies, especially among certain animals such as dogs and horses.
Excess white fat causes obesity, which in turn can drive metabolic diseases that are growing at epidemic rates around the world.
Although antibiotics are known to save lives, their use also supports the evolution and spread of antibiotic-resistant strains.
Just where fat is deposited in the body and to what degree a person may benefit from a lifestyle intervention depends, among other things, on how sensitive the brain is to insulin.
Individuals would have often wondered why a bite of warm cherry pie infuses their mouth with sweetness, but the same slice taken directly from the refrigerator is not as tempting as before?
A USC-led international team of scientists has found the precise shape of a key player in human metabolism, which could lead the way to better treatments for obesity and other metabolic disease.
Researchers have discovered that a group of nerve cells promotes the consumption of high-fat food.
A study has discovered a novel means by which bacterial colonies in the small intestine support the generation of regulatory T cells.
Dr. Ayse Sena Mutlu, a postdoctoral fellow at Baylor's Huffington Center On Aging, had an intriguing question. Is it possible to change the body's fat storage without changing eating habits?
Cells in some of the body's most vulnerable entry routes to bacterial infection buffer themselves when the immune system detects danger by reorganizing the cholesterol on their surfaces, a new study led by UTSW scientists suggests.
In the largest study to date of proteins related to Alzheimer's disease, a team of researchers has identified disease-specific proteins and biological processes that could be developed into both new treatment targets and fluid biomarkers.
Harvesting sunlight to make energy is a complex reaction that plants do naturally, but isn't well understood.