Pharmacology is the study of how chemical substances interact with living systems. If substances have medicinal properties, they are considered pharmaceuticals. The field encompasses drug composition and properties, interactions, toxicology, therapy, and medical applications and antipathogenic capabilities.
Researchers have identified a family of proteins that is significantly elevated in the saliva of patients hospitalized with COVID-19.
A simple blood test for women of all ages and risk levels could one day be possible thanks to a new set of protein biomarkers that researchers identified using breast milk.
The Food and Drug Administration recommends healthy adults not exceed 400 milligrams (mg) of caffeine-; approximately four cups of brewed coffee-; a day.
Researchers combined advanced computational methods with experimental studies to gain new insight, at the cell level, into how the plant compound formononetin might be used to treat food allergies.
A study team developed an early-stage therapy that sabotages the pump and restores antibiotic efficiency by disclosing the structure of a protein needed by bacteria to pump out antibiotics.
Two recent research have shown a completely new perspective of how bacterial cells repair broken parts of their DNA (lesions).
While cancer therapies that target specific genes or disease pathways might prolong life span, they can also result in highly resistant tumors when tiny reservoirs of cancer cells survive therapy, develop, and spread.
High blood glucose is responsible for several complications in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have identified a new antidiabetic substance that preserves the activity of insulin-producing beta cells and prevents high blood glucose in mice.
Hormones or chemical messengers link to cell membrane receptors to tweak how the cell responds, creating a metaphorical interaction and traffic network on the surface of cell membranes inside human body.
Bile acids made by the liver have long been known for their critical role in helping to absorb the food we ingest.
New research may help scientists locate immature cells in the central nervous system that could shed light on the causes of neurodegenerative diseases like multiple sclerosis-;and autoimmune disease that affects the brain and nervous system-;and allow for the development of better therapeutic treatments.
Astrocytes form large networks of interconnected cells in the central nervous system. When these cell-to-cell couplings are disrupted in the brain of adult mice, the animals are no longer able to store spatial information.
One epigenetic factor as well as one organic anion transporter (OAT1), whose function in the nervous system was hitherto unknown, contribute to the development of chronic pain.
When the immune system fails and assaults the body’s own components, autoimmune disorders develop.
Preclinical models that recapitulate aspects of human airway disease are essential for the advancement of novel therapeutics and vaccines.
The World Health Organization estimates that nearly 280 million people worldwide suffer from depression.
Researchers have explored the cellular changes that occur in human mammary tissue in lactating and non-lactating women, offering insight into the relationship between pregnancy, lactation, and breast cancer.
A new study in mice from University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers showed that an unhealthy vaginal microbiome in pregnant mothers in combination with an unhealthy diet contributed to increased pup deaths and altered development in the surviving babies.
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University have identified a new mechanism by which a protein known for repairing damaged DNA also protects the integrity of DNA by preserving its structural shape.
Hereditary diseases, along with cancers and cardiovascular diseases, may be linked to genomic imprinting.