The proteome is the entire complement of proteins expressed by a genome, cell, tissue or organism. More specifically, it is the expressed proteins at a given time point under defined conditions. The term is a blend of proteins and genome.
Plants and algae convert solar energy into chemical energy through photosynthesis. This process is vital for life on Earth and provides us with oxygen, food, fuels, and other valuable products.
The sequencing of the human genome promised a revolution in medicine, but scientists soon realized that a genetic blueprint alone does not show the body in action.
The protein composition of the five types of wheat—einkorn, emmer, spelt, durum, and common wheat—and their varieties differ widely.
Urine is one of the alluring sources for early and sensitive biomarker discovery because it can accumulate and indicate changes in the human body while still being obtained non-invasively.
Octopuses, cuttlefish, and squid are members of the diverse family of marine creatures known as cephalopods. They can be found in every ocean, from warm tropical seas that are shallow to cold, abysmal depths.
The enzyme variations of mitochondrial enoyl-CoA hydratase short-chain 1 (ECHS1) are dysfunctional. In Japan, they are mostly responsible for mitochondrial disease.
When the first symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are experienced by a patient, the disease has been evolving for a long period, and the patient might already have lost half of a certain kind of nerve cells in the brain.
Genetic factors may account for up to 50% of the diversity in body mass index, or BMI, in the population.
Proteomics is the study and analysis of proteins in a biological system, including their structures, functions, associations, and alterations.
The history of the Earth has been one of physical extremes-;extreme atmospheric conditions, extreme chemical environments, and extreme temperatures.
A key conundrum in biology is why many very simple creatures, such as the widely studied worm C. elegans, have almost as many genes as the human genome, which has about 20,000 genes.
The MacMillan Center for the Study of the Non-Coding Cancer Genome (MCSNCG) was officially launched by the New York Genome Center (NYGC) on January 18th, 2023.
The recently released cancer protein profile database, which was created using AI and machine learning, has helped with cancer prediction medicine. The new open-access Disease Blood Atlas, unveiled by KTH Royal Institute of Technology Professor Mathias Uhlén, gives the first-ever map of the proteome signature in cancer patients’ blood.
The proper functioning of numerous proteins generated in cells by ribosomes is essential for life. This diversified variety of proteins, called proteome, is sustained by the ribosomes’ vigorous translation elongation of amino acid sequences.
After analyzing data from a public repository, CD4-T, CD8-T cells, and Treg cells, a team of researchers led by bioinformatics Mabel Vidal from the University of Concepcion and working with researchers from MELISA Institute and other academic institutions discovered a distinctive genetic signature among subsets of infiltrating T cells of various types of cancer.
A significant genome-wide association study on the nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has just been published in Nature Genetics by researchers from Amgen subsidiary deCODE Genetics.
PhoreMost to deploy its SITESEEKER platform to identify novel targets for Roche’s discovery programmes
The cells’ proteins contain a huge world of information that, when unlocked, can shed light on the causes of many fundamental biological occurrences. To observe the properties of individual cells at the protein level, a single-cell analysis method known as “single-cell proteomics” is used.
Nature’s storage solution originally emerged in ancient microbes living on Earth around one and two billion years ago, according to researchers at the Center for Genomic Regulation (CRG).
Dr Jun Qin, a proteomics expert from the State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Beijing Proteome Research Center, National Center for Protein Sciences (Beijing), Beijing Institute of Lifeomics, and Dr Zhongde Zhang from The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, worked in the front line of compacting COVID-19 disease.