Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a biologically important type of molecule that consists of a long chain of nucleotide units. Each nucleotide consists of a nitrogenous base, a ribose sugar, and a phosphate.
Swedish researchers have published novel molecular mapping of proteins that controls the process of cell division—detecting 300 of these proteins.
The majority of organisms feature the series of ENDOU enzymes, but despite this fact, the functions of these enzymes have not been properly understood.
Bioinformatics, and by extension omic sciences - the collective disciplines that are dependent on the use of extensive datasets of biological information - present a challenge of data management for researchers all over the world.
The genetic scissors, known as CRISPR/Cas9, the finding that received a Nobel Prize in Chemistry, occasionally cut in places that they are not intended to target.
Huntington's disease is caused by a mutation in the Huntingtin gene (HTT), which appears in adults and features motor, cognitive and psychiatric alterations.
Researchers from the University of Illinois Chicago have discovered a new gene-editing technique that allows for the programming of sequential cuts -- or edits -- over time.
An international collaboration among researchers from Finland, Sweden, UK and the USA has captured ribosomes translating messenger RNA expressed from the maternally inherited mitochondrial genome.
Recently, messenger RNA, also called mRNA, vaccines, to combat the COVID-19 infection have made headlines worldwide, but researchers have already been experimenting with mRNA vaccines to prevent or cure other illnesses, including certain types of cancer.
Plants are known to possess solid immune response mechanisms. One such response is “sensing” attack by herbivorous animals.
Researchers have designed a program that allows the complete study of the SARS-CoV-2 mutant spectrum by ultrasequencing.
With two commercially available inhibitors, the cell cycle of the cancer cells in the childhood tumor neuroblastoma can be disrupted at a key point causing tumor cell death.
A commercially available genomic test may help oncologists better determine which patients with recurrent prostate cancer may benefit from hormone therapy, according to new research from the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and 15 other medical centers.
A research team from Case Western Reserve University has discovered a new way to quantify the main characteristics of proteins that bind to RNA in cells—a finding that may enhance one’s interpretation of how gene regulation is disrupted in infections, neurodegenerative diseases, or cancer.
DNA sequences that can fold into shapes other than the classic double helix tend to have higher mutation rates than other regions in the human genome.
In cells, numerous important biochemical functions take place within spherical chambers made from proteins and RNA.
A study from the Center for Phage Technology, part of Texas A&M's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and Texas A&M AgriLife Research, shows how the "hidden" genes in bacteriophages -- types of viruses that infect and destroy bacteria -- may be key to the development of a new class of antibiotics for human health.
Genetics contributes to the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, and the APOE gene is the strongest genetic risk factor, specifically the APOE4 allele.
Flaws in the way chromosomes are packed into antibody-producing B-cells seem to play a key role in the development of B-cell-related blood cancers.
Sepsis can result when the body’s immune response to a specific infection gets out of control.
News-Medical speaks to Dr. Beheshti from NASA about his latest research that investigated whether changes in mitochondria could cause health problems in Space.