Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a biologically important type of molecule that consists of a long chain of nucleotide units. Each nucleotide consists of a nitrogenous base, a ribose sugar, and a phosphate.
The emergence and spread of new forms of resistance remains a concern that urgently demand new antibiotics. Transcription is a vital process in bacterial cell, where genetic information in DNA is transcribed to RNA for the translation of proteins that perform cellular function.
Small variations in the structure of DNA have been related to breast cancer and other diseases, but they have been incredibly hard to find so far.
New research suggests that studying protein modifications in the kidneys as people age will help provide a complete picture of the age-related processes that occur in these organs.
A team of researchers has created the world’s first atlas of all the different types of cells in a reef-building stony coral that inhabits the Indo-Pacific oceans.
A new study unfolds a longstanding puzzle about the connection between the function and form in the genetic material of a complex group of algae.
SARS-CoV-2 hijacks human cell machinery to disrupt the immune response, enabling it to cause infection, replicate, and cause disease.
Nanopore technology has the potential to enable the development of portable, low-cost, small devices capable of real-time DNA sequencing.
The human immune system comprises functionally specialized cellular defense mechanisms that protect the body against disease.
Autophagy is essential in messenger RNA (mRNA) degradation, according to researchers from the Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech).
In celebration of National DNA Day, AZoLifeSciences interviews renowned DNA expert Professor George Church about his life-long career in DNA research.
Researchers have now identified how SARS viruses improve the production of viral proteins in infected cells such that new copies of the virus can be produced.
Cell-type databases are increasing in size and complexity as researchers accumulate a great deal of gene-sequencing data.
Conventional techniques lack the potential to easily sample wider geographical areas and huge numbers of individuals.
A fine balance between the production and degradation of biomolecules is required for optimal cell function. Autophagy is a mechanism through which cells break down and recycle their own components.
Russian researchers have now investigated the role of double-stranded fragments of the maturing RNA and demonstrated that the interaction between faraway parts of the RNA can control gene expression.
If looked deep into the brain of a patient with Alzheimer’s disease or those suffering from the most types of dementia or the concussion-associated syndrome, called chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), there would be hairball-like tangles of a protein known as tau—a common suspected culprit.
Researchers have found a set of human genes that combat infection due to SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for causing COVID-19.
With the help of a novel single-cell technique, researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute (WEHI) have revealed a new way to interpret the programming behind stem cells and how these cells make specific types of cells.
Histones play an important role in the cell nucleus by packaging DNA into chromatin.
To gain a better understanding of how bacterial RNA gives rise to proteins scientists are now focusing on the special way this process takes place in bacteria.