An epileptic seizure, occasionally referred to as a fit, is defined as a transient symptom of "abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain".
Newly devised gene therapy can help children born with AADC, a rare genetic disorder that causes developmental and physical disabilities.
Children with a devastating genetic disorder characterized by severe motor disability and developmental delay have experienced sometimes dramatic improvements in a gene therapy trial launched at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospitals.
An important part of the brain's immune system, cells called microglia constantly extend and retract "branches" from their cell body to survey their environment.
Epilepsy, results from impairment in brain cells and is often treated with drugs that counteract or control the seizures.
Within cells, molecules known as transfer RNAs, or "tRNAs," play an important but unglamorous workhorse role in keeping the genetic translation process moving along from codes of DNA to functional proteins.
Studies show that a pair of mutations detected in people with developmental and epileptic brain disease can be traced back to the same ion channel.
Brain function depends on inhibitory cells that balance or 'brake' excitation. These neurons allow the brain to process information and also prevent runaway seizures.
When two scientists from NIST brought black lights and glow powder into the crime lab, they were not setting up a laser tag studio or nightclub.