Lipids are a broad group of naturally-occurring molecules which includes fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, phospholipids, and others. The main biological functions of lipids include energy storage, as structural components of cell membranes, and as important signaling molecules.
As the human population grows to a predicted 10 billion by 2050 and overall land mass remains constant, traditional animal farming may become a less viable method for food production.
Fluorescence light microscopy has the unique ability to observe cellular processes over a scale that bridges four orders of magnitude. Yet, its application to living cells is fundamentally limited by the very rapid and unceasing movement of molecules that define its living state.
In a large-scale study of people from diverse ancestries, researchers narrowed down the number of genomic variants that are strongly associated with blood lipid levels and generated a polygenic risk score to predict elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, a major risk factor for heart disease.
Advancing our understanding of the human brain will require new insights into how neural circuitry works in mammals, including laboratory mice.
Analyzing molecular characteristics and their variation during lifestyle changes, by combining digital tools, classical laboratory tests and new biomolecular measurements, could enable individualised prevention of disease.
Scientists from KAIST put forth novel insights for enhancing the health span by controlling a protein’s activity.
The cliché "you are what you eat" has been used for hundreds of years to illustrate the link between diet and health. Now, an international team of researchers has found the molecular proof of this concept, demonstrating how diet ultimately affects immunity through the gut microbiome.
Tiny particles of gold could be the new weapon in the fight against bacterial antibiotic resistance, according to research just published.
Researchers recently identified the means to get the best DNA to communicate with membranes in the body.
Recent research states that the number of secretory granules (SGs) in tyrosine hydroxylase-positive neurons and the marker proteins secretogranin III substantially lowered in the substantia nigra and striatum regions of mice exposed to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine.
Scientists from the Karolinska Institutet discovered certain metabolic mechanisms that SARS-CoV-2 employs to attack lung tissue.
Scientists from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign isolated and chemically characterized individual organelles within cells swiftly.
Porvair Sciences has introduced a new and improved version of its Microlute® PLR phospholipid removal microplate designed to enhance the flow of samples through a proprietary filter to maximise the recovery of analytes with unmatched reproducibility.
Plants modify the permeability of their roots to adapt to their nutritional needs. This takes place through the degradation or production of suberin.
An interaction of DNA with lipids is of great interest because of their functions. As fatty acids and lipids can specifically bind to nucleic acids forming a code sequence of the genomic DNA, it is important to study the interaction of the oligonucleotide DNA (dA)20-(dT)20 with phosphatidylglycerol by the molecular dynamics method.
A naturally occurring protein that blocks an inflammatory immune response was associated with better stroke recovery in a study conducted in mice, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association's Vascular Discovery: From Genes to Medicine Scientific Sessions 2021.
Recent research indicates that a familiar inflammatory skin condition might arise due to inadequately regulated sex hormones.
What do apple cores, spent grain, and walnut shells have in common? They could one day be used to power a data center.
The presence of special immune system defense molecules, called autoimmune antibodies, has been strongly tied to how poorly people fare when hospitalized with COVID-19, a new study shows.
Cells produce exosomes, the nano-sized biological capsules, to protect and courier delicate molecules across the body. The capsules are hard enough to resist enzymatic breakdown and acidic and temperature fluctuations in the bloodstream and gut, which makes them a major candidate for drug delivery.