Lipids are a broad group of naturally-occurring molecules which includes fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, phospholipids, and others. The main biological functions of lipids include energy storage, as structural components of cell membranes, and as important signaling molecules.
Crenarchaeol is a large, closed-loop lipid that is present in the membranes of ammonium-oxidizing archaea, a unicellular life form that exists ubiquitously in the oceans.
Scientists discovered 22 lipids in the blood plasma of schizophrenia patients that were linked to slower symptom improvement over time.
Researchers from the EMBL and the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) demonstrated a new technique to create metabolic profiles of individual cells.
A typical Western high-fat diet can increase the risk of painful disorders common in people with conditions such as diabetes or obesity, according to a groundbreaking paper authored by a team led by The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, also referred to as UT Health San Antonio.
Researchers from RCSI University of Medicine and Health Sciences have developed polypeptide-based materials that serve as effective vectors in delivering gene therapies.
Scientists have come up with an innovative function for the metabolic enzyme medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) in glioblastoma (GBM).
Multi-factorial metabolic and inflammatory abnormalities in obesity, independently or in combination, seems to be the critical biological link of obesity, cancer and racial/gender health disparities. However, the specific cross-talk between these factors remain elusive.
Stanford researchers have discovered a new kind of biomolecule that could play a significant role in the biology of all living things.
Inclusion of soybean and linseed oils in the diet of dairy cows made the fatty acid content of their milk even healthier for human nutrition. It also increased the proportions of omega-6 and omega-3, which in the right balance play a key role in preventing cardiovascular diseases, for example, as well as chronic inflammation and some kinds of cancer.
A cross-institutional study has led to a new method for the repartition of carbon resources in microalgae from carbohydrates to lipids. It is anticipated that this process will be used to produce biofuel.
Researchers have discovered how a portion of a protein communicates with a cell’s membrane to control crucial intercellular communications.
Almost all bacteria rely on the same emergency valves--protein channels that pop open under pressure, releasing a deluge of cell contents.
Scientists from Buck Institute have identified and are now developing an innovative, non-invasive biomarker test that could help quantify and track the performance of senolytics—a class of drugs that selectively destroy senescent cells.
Researchers have uncovered molecular mechanisms involved in removing unwanted cells in the body.
Fish oil supplements are a billion-dollar industry built on a foundation of purported, but not proven, health benefits. Now, new research from a team led by a University of Georgia scientist indicates that taking fish oil only provides health benefits if you have the right genetic makeup.
One big challenge for the production of synthetic cells is that they must be able to divide to have offspring. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, a team from Heidelberg has now introduced a reproducible division mechanism for synthetic vesicles.
In Brazil, researchers affiliated with the Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture (CENA) and the Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ), both part of the University of São Paulo (USP), have developed a methodology based on artificial intelligence to automate and streamline seed quality analysis, a process required by law and currently done manually by analysts accredited with the Ministry of Agriculture.
Consumption of a diet with high fat levels increases the risk of fatty liver, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes.
Researchers have found that AEG12, a mosquito protein, strongly suppresses the class of viruses causing dengue, yellow fever, Zika, and West Nile.
A cell can stay alive only when it supplies all the required energy elements to its various organelles and these elements are formed in the Golgi apparatus.