Lipids are a broad group of naturally-occurring molecules which includes fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, phospholipids, and others. The main biological functions of lipids include energy storage, as structural components of cell membranes, and as important signaling molecules.
In living organisms, cells have a very high capacity to process and communicate information by moving molecules or ions through tiny channels that span the cell membrane. UC Santa Cruz Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering Marco Rolandi's lab and collaborators at MIT have created a device that mimics this biological concept in order to detect disease.
The sequencing of the human genome promised a revolution in medicine, but scientists soon realized that a genetic blueprint alone does not show the body in action.
New research published in Nature Metabolism discovered the pathogenic mechanism driving mitochondrial enoyl reductase protein-associated neurodegeneration (MEPAN) syndrome, a rare pediatric neurodegenerative disease.
Michael Bloom, Associate Professor, Global and Community Health, received $158,900 from the National Institutes of Health for the project: "Impact of Exposure to Perfluoroalkyl Substances on Weight Loss: A Pilot Study of Hispanic Children with Overweight/Obesity Participating in a Community-based Weight Loss Intervention Program."
Imagine using insects as a source of chemicals to make plastics that can biodegrade later -; with the help of that very same type of bug.
By some estimates, the human nose can detect up to a trillion different smells with its hundreds of scent receptors.
Pioneering UK-based bio-tech business Clean Food Group is pleased to announce a new investment and strategic collaboration with Alianza Team, the Latin American food production and lipid-based technology expert, a leading company in the world of lipids, nutrition and frozen bakery.
Antiviral therapies are difficult to develop because viruses can rapidly mutate to become drug resistant.
Oxidative stress, caused by an imbalance of free radicals and antioxidants, regularly reduces the yield of pharmaceuticals and therapeutics produced via bioprocessing by about 10-15%. Now, Xheme, Inc.'s Xheme Multifunctional Additive (XMA), a programmable non-toxic nanoporous microparticle, has demonstrated the ability to significantly reduce or eliminate the damage of oxidative stress in bioprocessing conditions.
Many diseases can be successfully treated in the simple environment of a cell culture dish, but to successfully treat real people, the drug agent has to take a journey through the infinitely more complex environment within our bodies and arrive, intact, inside the affected cells.
Prosthetics moved by thoughts. Targeted treatments for aggressive brain cancer. Soldiers with enhanced vision or bionic ears.
The unborn baby “remote controls” its mother’s metabolism, resulting in a nutritional tug-of-war between the two. The mother’s body requires the baby to survive, but she also needs enough glucose and fats in her system to be able to deliver the baby, breastfeed, and reproduce again.
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a gene called Lipe that appears to be pivotal to retinal health, with mutations spurring immune activation and retinal degeneration.
Johns Hopkins Medicine scientists say they have developed a nanoparticle -; an extremely tiny biodegradable container -; that has the potential to improve the delivery of messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)-based vaccines for infectious diseases such as COVID-19, and vaccines for treating non-infectious diseases including cancer.
Researchers at IRB Barcelona, the University of Barcelona (UB), VIMM, and the University of Padua unveil the key role of Mitofusin 2 cellular makeup in interconnecting organelles within cells.
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) is a master transcription factor with a role in maintaining oxidative stress response. It can be triggered by both redox-dependent and redox-independent pathways.
Eating fatty fish decreased the lipophilic index in people with impaired glucose metabolism or coronary heart disease, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.
Chemical and environmental engineering researchers from the University of California, Riverside, have determined two species of bacteria discovered in soil, which collapse a class of stubborn “forever chemicals.” This gives belief in affordable biological clean-up of industrial pollutants.
Our cells are crisscrossed by a system of membrane tubes and pockets called the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). It is crucial for the production of biomolecules and is continuously built up and degraded.
To prevent our body's cells from overflowing with garbage and to keep them healthy, the waste inside them is constantly being disposed of.