Lipids are a broad group of naturally-occurring molecules which includes fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, phospholipids, and others. The main biological functions of lipids include energy storage, as structural components of cell membranes, and as important signaling molecules.
Recent research states that the number of secretory granules (SGs) in tyrosine hydroxylase-positive neurons and the marker proteins secretogranin III substantially lowered in the substantia nigra and striatum regions of mice exposed to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine.
Scientists from the Karolinska Institutet discovered certain metabolic mechanisms that SARS-CoV-2 employs to attack lung tissue.
Scientists from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign isolated and chemically characterized individual organelles within cells swiftly.
Porvair Sciences has introduced a new and improved version of its Microlute® PLR phospholipid removal microplate designed to enhance the flow of samples through a proprietary filter to maximise the recovery of analytes with unmatched reproducibility.
Plants modify the permeability of their roots to adapt to their nutritional needs. This takes place through the degradation or production of suberin.
An interaction of DNA with lipids is of great interest because of their functions. As fatty acids and lipids can specifically bind to nucleic acids forming a code sequence of the genomic DNA, it is important to study the interaction of the oligonucleotide DNA (dA)20-(dT)20 with phosphatidylglycerol by the molecular dynamics method.
A naturally occurring protein that blocks an inflammatory immune response was associated with better stroke recovery in a study conducted in mice, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association's Vascular Discovery: From Genes to Medicine Scientific Sessions 2021.
Recent research indicates that a familiar inflammatory skin condition might arise due to inadequately regulated sex hormones.
What do apple cores, spent grain, and walnut shells have in common? They could one day be used to power a data center.
The presence of special immune system defense molecules, called autoimmune antibodies, has been strongly tied to how poorly people fare when hospitalized with COVID-19, a new study shows.
Cells produce exosomes, the nano-sized biological capsules, to protect and courier delicate molecules across the body. The capsules are hard enough to resist enzymatic breakdown and acidic and temperature fluctuations in the bloodstream and gut, which makes them a major candidate for drug delivery.
Coffee drinkers intuitively recognize the pleasure of swallowing a smooth, rich brew versus a watery one. Aside from added cream or sugar, the coffee itself contributes to this sensation -; referred to as body or mouthfeel -; but the specific compounds are not well defined.
While the proper pronunciation of pecan remains a subject of debate, University of Georgia researchers have shown the tree nut can dramatically improve a person's cholesterol levels.
A stress signal received by the heart from fat could help protect against cardiac damage induced by obesity, a new study led by UT Southwestern researchers suggests.
A team of scientists at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign developed a bioprocess using engineered yeast that completely and efficiently converted plant matter consisting of acetate and xylose into high-value bioproducts.
Scientists have developed and tested a library of lipid-based compounds for the safe and effective delivery of RNA drugs to the lungs.
Crenarchaeol is a large, closed-loop lipid that is present in the membranes of ammonium-oxidizing archaea, a unicellular life form that exists ubiquitously in the oceans.
Scientists discovered 22 lipids in the blood plasma of schizophrenia patients that were linked to slower symptom improvement over time.
Researchers from the EMBL and the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) demonstrated a new technique to create metabolic profiles of individual cells.
A typical Western high-fat diet can increase the risk of painful disorders common in people with conditions such as diabetes or obesity, according to a groundbreaking paper authored by a team led by The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, also referred to as UT Health San Antonio.