Metabolism is the means by which the body derives energy and synthesizes the other molecules it needs from the fats, carbohydrates and proteins we eat as food, by enzymatic reactions helped by minerals and vitamins.
Dr. Ayse Sena Mutlu, a postdoctoral fellow at Baylor's Huffington Center On Aging, had an intriguing question. Is it possible to change the body's fat storage without changing eating habits?
Cells in some of the body's most vulnerable entry routes to bacterial infection buffer themselves when the immune system detects danger by reorganizing the cholesterol on their surfaces, a new study led by UTSW scientists suggests.
In the largest study to date of proteins related to Alzheimer's disease, a team of researchers has identified disease-specific proteins and biological processes that could be developed into both new treatment targets and fluid biomarkers.
Harvesting sunlight to make energy is a complex reaction that plants do naturally, but isn't well understood.
Research findings suggest gut microbes can affect allergic immune responses.
Researchers have made a major breakthrough in developing gene-editing tools to improve our understanding of ocean microbes.
Researchers have achieved significant progress in the development of gene-editing tools that could help gain better insights into one of the most crucial ocean microbes on the planet.
When we are exposed to sufficient cold or exercise, small clusters of brown fat cells in our bodies begin to burn up energy.
A team at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, working in partnership with researchers at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, has discovered a new molecular mechanism mediated by nuclear receptors that determines the identity and expansion of macrophages--one of the cell types that act as immune sentinels in the body.
In satellite photos of the Earth, clouds of bright green bloom across the surface of lakes and oceans as algae populations explode in nutrient-rich water. From the air, the algae appear to be the primary players in the ecological drama unfolding below.
The increase in the CO2 concentration of the atmosphere does not compensate for the negative effect of greenhouse gas-induced climate change on trees.
Crop yields have increased substantially over the past decades, occurring alongside the increasing use of nitrogen fertilizer.
Scientists from DKFZ, HI-STEM have identified a new control mechanism that enables stem cells to adapt their activity in emergency situations.
An animal study has found that obese females who consumed a small amount of coconut oil every day, in spite of having a high-fat diet, exhibited reduced metabolic syndrome—several risk factors that increase the possibilities of developing heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
At Goethe University Frankfurt, microbiologists have unraveled the mechanism of hydrogen use by the bacterium Acetobacterium woodii for energy conservation.
According to a new study performed by the University of Wisconsin-Madison, deleting a gene from insulin-producing cells prevents the development of Type 1 diabetes in mice, by sparing the cells from being attacked by their own immune system.
Biological engineers from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have developed a multi-tissue model that allows them to analyze the associations between the immune system and different organs, on a dedicated microfluidic platform embedded with human cells.
Several foods such as mozzarella on a pizza, the olive oil in salad dressing, or hollandaise sauce used on asparagus contain lots of fat.
Australian scientists have used sophisticated analytical tools to understand the effect of intermittent fasting on the liver to help mitigate disease.
At the CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, scientists have investigated how solute carriers (SLCs)—a large class of membrane transport proteins—affect the activity and potency of cytotoxic drugs, for example, those used to treat leukemia and other cancers.