Overweight and obesity are defined by the WHO as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to an individuals health.
Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer and while it was once an issue only in high income countries, overweight and obesity has now dramatically risen in low- and middle-income countries.Such countries are now facing a "double burden" of disease, for while they continue to deal with the problems of infectious disease and under-nutrition, they are also experiencing a rapid upsurge in chronic disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight, particularly in urban settings.
According to findings published in eLife, genetics may contribute to the explanation of the connection between unhealthy lifestyles and increased biological aging in young adults.
Two weeks of eating a diet heavy in tomatoes increased the diversity of gut microbes and altered gut bacteria toward a more favorable profile in young pigs, researchers found.
The mTOR protein is important for cell growth, proliferation, and survival. Its activity fluctuates according to nutrient availability and growth factors like hormones.
The amygdala, a part of the brain, is in charge of strong emotions such as fear. Scientists have shown that the amygdala may be at fault for overeating.
The body’s chemical processes known as “metabolism” produce the raw materials needed for development and general health.
Americans' love affair with sugar can be a deadly attraction that sometimes leads to major health problems, including obesity and type 2 diabetes.
The immune system may attack the liver when fat builds up there. The chemical that triggers these responses has been discovered by Weill Cornell Medicine researchers in a recent study, and this information helps to explain the dynamics of liver damage that can accompany type 2 diabetes and obesity.
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai have created a way to determine the human gut microorganisms that are most likely to cause a variety of inflammatory disorders, including obesity, liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, and several neurological conditions.
Once considered an inert tissue, fat – or adipose tissue – is now known to play an active role in the body's critical functions by secreting hormones that regulate hunger and body temperature.
A team of researchers led by the University of California, Irvine has discovered that treatment with an extract from the roots of the Rhodiola rosea plant might be effective for helping manage type 2 diabetes, showing promise as a safe and effective non-pharmaceutical alternative.
According to two studies conducted by researchers at Weill Cornell Medicine, the circadian clocks that keep the body and its cells synchronized to the 24-hour day-night cycle are severely disrupted.
A study of over 200 adults found that diet quality improved when they ate more protein. Experts recommend eating protein when on a weight loss diet in order to preserve muscle.
A multidisciplinary group of researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine have advanced investigations into the genetic causes of NAFLD in children.
In a paper that was just published in Science, scientists from Sweden’s Karolinska Institutet and SciLifeLab explain how they were able to enhance a protein’s capacity to repair oxidative DNA damage while also giving the protein a new role.
Some perceive rice as a "bad" source of carbohydrates. That's because most varieties of rice have a high glycemic index.
Microorganisms may provide hope that peatlands can withstand hotter temperatures in a changing climate.
The lifespan extension caused by a low-protein diet appears to be coordinated by a single hormone.
When genes mutate, serious diseases of the human nervous system can result. Scientists from Leipzig University and the University of Würzburg have now used fruit flies to show how, in addition to the negative impact, mutation of a neuronal gene can have a beneficial impact—higher IQ in humans.
Is vertical farming and aeroponics the future of sustainable farming? We spoke to India from LettUs Grow to find out!
All animals require proteins, carbohydrates, and fats to survive. However, dietary differences between species, populations, and individuals can be significant.