Human physiology is the science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of humans in good health, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. The principal level of focus of physiology is at the level of organs and systems. Most aspects of human physiology are closely homologous to corresponding aspects of animal physiology, and animal experimentation has provided much of the foundation of physiological knowledge. Anatomy and physiology are closely related fields of study: anatomy, the study of form, and physiology, the study of function, are intrinsically tied and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum.
According to a recent study from the University of East Anglia, a mother’s gut microbes can aid in the formation of the placenta and the healthy development of the baby.
Research studying the autoimmune response, in which the immune system kills the insulin-producing pancreatic islet beta cells, is a common topic of type 1 diabetes research.
Soil carbon has been an important topic of study in climate change due to the increasing prominence of greenhouse effects.
The biochemical signals that determine the formation of the body pattern in the primate embryo have been found by scientists. This will direct research into human birth abnormalities and pregnancy loss.
Extreme weather phenomena are on the rise worldwide, including frequent droughts and fires. Floods are also a clear consequence of climate change.
Tuberculosis is a stubborn disease caused by even more stubborn bacteria. While many bacterial infections clear up within days of taking antibiotics, TB can take up to six months to clear up and, in some cases, never leave the human body. In 2020, it claimed 1.5 million lives, second only to COVID-19 in terms of infectious disease deaths.
Ophthalmologists and researchers have been looking into mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with regenerative and differentiation capacities as a potential therapy option for corneal disorders.
According to a new study published May 24th, 2022, in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Alena Sumová and coworkers of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague, genes within the fetus’s developing clock respond to rhythmic behavior in the mother during fetal development, first before the biological clock starts ticking on its own.
A new study provides a framework to boost crop growth by incorporating a strategy adopted from a fast-growing species of green algae.
A group from the Australian National University studied the impacts of expanding the number of carbon dioxide channels in plant membranes.
TPCs (two-pore channels) are old ion channels found in both animal and plant cells. These ion channels serve key roles in biological activity in numerous tissues in animals, including humans, like the brain and nervous system.
All modern organisms fall into two classes, eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Eukaryotes (from the Greek meaning "true kernel") have a cell nucleus that harbors most of the cell's genetic information and includes organisms such as humans, plants and fungi.
According to the Alzheimer’s Association, around 11% of the population, comprising 65-year old and above—in the United States has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most prevalent form of dementia that causes memory loss and cognitive impairment.
A recently discovered chemical compound helped elderly mice with obesity lose fat and weight, add muscle and strength, reduce age-related inflammation and increase physical activity, a new study shows.
Almost half of the U.S. adult population has high blood pressure - or hypertension - and about 20% of these patients have treatment-resistant hypertension.
Researchers have identified a family of proteins that is significantly elevated in the saliva of patients hospitalized with COVID-19.
A simple blood test for women of all ages and risk levels could one day be possible thanks to a new set of protein biomarkers that researchers identified using breast milk.
According to a new study, treating wounds with an extract made from wild blueberries can help them recover faster. The findings will be presented at the American Physiological Society’s (APS) annual meeting, Experimental Biology 2022, in Philadelphia.
The Food and Drug Administration recommends healthy adults not exceed 400 milligrams (mg) of caffeine-; approximately four cups of brewed coffee-; a day.
Researchers combined advanced computational methods with experimental studies to gain new insight, at the cell level, into how the plant compound formononetin might be used to treat food allergies.