Human physiology is the science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of humans in good health, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. The principal level of focus of physiology is at the level of organs and systems. Most aspects of human physiology are closely homologous to corresponding aspects of animal physiology, and animal experimentation has provided much of the foundation of physiological knowledge. Anatomy and physiology are closely related fields of study: anatomy, the study of form, and physiology, the study of function, are intrinsically tied and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum.
Researchers at the National Eye Institute have developed the first patient-derived stem cell model for studying eye conditions related to oculocutaneous albinism (OCA).
In a breakthrough that holds significant promise for early diagnosis and better treatment of psychiatric illness, researchers have for the first time used neurons derived from human stem cells to predict the cardinal features of a psychiatric illness, such as psychosis and cognitive deficits in patients with schizophrenia.
Cambridge scientists have identified a key signal that the fetus uses to control its supply of nutrients from the placenta, revealing a tug-of-war between genes inherited from the father and from the mother. The study, carried out in mice, could help explain why some babies grow poorly in the womb.
According to recent research, the perspective of time and space when applied properly to plant research enhances the knowledge of biological mechanisms.
Red blood cells (RBCs) or erythrocytes are constantly exposed to a "shearing stress" during their circulation in the body. This stress is usually mild and the RBCs are flexible enough to accommodate shape changes in response to it.
Fat is an essential component of life, however too much fat leads to numerous health issues. Investigating the role played by fat or adipose tissue is significant to get a better understanding of obesity and other problems.
In this interview, we speak to Florian Cueni about his latest research that developed a new method to detect food fraud.
Fluorescence light microscopy has the unique ability to observe cellular processes over a scale that bridges four orders of magnitude. Yet, its application to living cells is fundamentally limited by the very rapid and unceasing movement of molecules that define its living state.
Metrion today announced it has expanded its capabilities and expertise through the addition of automated low volume liquid handling capability.
We speak to researchers from the UC San Diego Center for Circadian Biology about their latest research that led to the development of a biological clock in a test tube.
Analyzing molecular characteristics and their variation during lifestyle changes, by combining digital tools, classical laboratory tests and new biomolecular measurements, could enable individualised prevention of disease.
Rosemary and dairy cows could be a winning combination.
CN Bio, a leading developer of single and multi-organ microphysiological systems (MPS), otherwise known as organ-on-a-chip (OOC), today announced the commercial launch of its new PhysioMimix™ OOC Multi-Organ MPS.
The advancements in technology might come up with techniques that measure biological parameters in real-time in living organisms, which can help monitor tissue homeostasis, on the go. A significant component of such homeostasis is tissue oxygen concentration.
Without doubt, the future of life sciences is sure to have technology that can measure biological parameters real-time in living organisms.
Horseweed is one of the most common and most troublesome weeds in soybean production – shown to cause yield losses of up to 39 percent in the Midwest growing region.
Glial cells in the heart help regulate heart rate and rhythm, and drive its development in the embryo, according to a new study publishing November 18th in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Nina Kikel-Coury, Cody Smith and colleagues at the University of Notre Dame.
To establish a carbon-neutral circular economy in the future, technologies are needed that use carbon dioxide as a raw material. In the form of formate, CO2 can be metabolized by certain bacteria.
A study comparing the impact of diet versus drugs on the inner workings of our cells has found nutrition has a much stronger impact.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that heart failure impacts over six million Americans and is the major reason for death.