The human brain is the center of the human nervous system and is a highly complex organ. Enclosed in the cranium, it has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but is over three times as large as the brain of a typical mammal with an equivalent body size.
Humans have a huge and intricately folded neocortex, the reason for various intellectual abilities, setting apart humans from all other species.
Hundreds of cancer-linked genes play a different role in causing disease than scientists had expected.
CMT, a rare hereditary condition, commences when genetic changes interrupt the transmission of nerve signals from the brain to the muscles of the extremities, specifically those of the lower limbs.
Ground-breaking new Curtin University-led research has discovered a likely cause of Alzheimer's disease, in a significant finding that offers potential new prevention and treatment opportunities for Australia's second-leading cause of death.
A team led by MDC researcher Marina Chekulaeva has figured out why protein production slows down in the nerve cells of people suffering from Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. This discovery could lead to a new therapeutic approach, the scientists report in the journal "Nucleic Acids Research".
Gliomas are the most common primary brain tumors in adults. Among them, high-grade glioblastomas (GBMs) are particularly known to be notoriously aggressive and invasive, which makes it challenging to treat them.
AD, the most frequent cause of dementia, affects an estimated 24 million people worldwide. With very limited treatment options, scientists are looking for ways to understand the disease better.
Researchers at Kobe University's Biosignal Research Center have successfully developed plants that can be used to detect organic pollutants, such as polychlorinated biphenyls and endocrine-disrupting chemicals, which contaminate soil and water.
Increasing evidence points to the fact that gut microbiota performs a vital role in regulating the advancement of neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s.
When rats are fed a high fat diet, this disturbs the body clock in their brain that normally controls satiety, leading to over-eating and obesity. That's according to new research published in The Journal of Physiology.
COVID-19 patients have differing immune responses that lead to disease outcomes ranging from asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection to death.
Researchers at the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) have developed a new imaging technique capable of visualizing the dynamically changing structure of dendritic spines with unprecedented resolution.
Extremely premature infants are at a high risk for brain damage. Researchers at the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna have now found possible targets for the early treatment of such damage outside the brain: Bacteria in the gut of premature infants may play a key role.
For the first time, Stanford researchers have miniaturized CRISPR for mammalian gene editing, which magnifies the scope of CRISPR technology.
A group of scientists combined their mastery to obtain a thorough understanding of the risks linked with cannabis exposure at the time of pregnancy.
In a new study, researchers have identified a new pathway that cells use to eliminate cellular waste that otherwise would damage the cell’s genes.
Boosting a family of naturally occurring proteins that dampens inflammation in the body has been shown to be effective in reducing damage from an ischemic stroke, according to preclinical researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.
Have you ever met someone you instantly liked, or at other times, someone who you knew immediately that you did not want to be friends with, although you did not know why?
Research has revealed higher cholesterol supply from astrocytes to neurons in the model of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) brains.
A group of scientists have identified a connection between the type of microbiome that recolonizes the gut after antibiotics and the lessened lifespan in mice.