The human brain is the center of the human nervous system and is a highly complex organ. Enclosed in the cranium, it has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but is over three times as large as the brain of a typical mammal with an equivalent body size.
A virtual reality simulation designed by a University of Oregon professor could help spur people to environmental action.
If you are skilled at playing puzzles on your smartphone or tablet, what does it say about how fast you learn new puzzles, or, more broadly, how well you can focus, say, in school or at work? Or, in the language of psychologists, does "near transfer" predict "far transfer"?
A recent genetic finding supports the theory that abnormal lipid (fat) transport pathways inside brain cells cause motor neuron degenerative disorders.
Tenascin C and Tenascin R, are two proteins that have been the topic of investigation at Ruhr-Universität Bochum. Myelin sheaths, or the sheaths of the nerve cells, are destroyed by immune system cells in this condition.
The centrosome is the organelle that organizes the cytoskeleton during cell division, which is an important role in species ranging from yeast to humans. Due to its broad functions, scientists previously considered that the centrosome was quite similar in all cells.
As we age, so do our eyes; most commonly, this involves changes to our vision and new glasses, but there are more severe forms of age-related eye problems.
Understanding how plants process light is key to improving crop yields. Light helps plants know when to grow and flower at the right time.
As you're reading this sentence, the cells in your brain, called neurons, are sending rapid-fire electrical signals between each other, transmitting information.
Researchers at the University of California San Diego and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have developed a tiny neural probe that can be implanted for longer time periods to record and stimulate neural activity, while minimizing injury to the surrounding tissue.
For the first time, researchers have deciphered the atomic structure of a protein that transports one of the body’s most vital neurotransmitters into neurons.
What's the relationship between people's perception of beauty and animals' conservation needs? According to a machine-learning study by Nicolas Mouquet at the University of Montpellier, France, and colleagues, publishing June 7th in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, the reef fishes that people find most beautiful tend to be the lowest priority for conservation support.
Professor Zi-Bing Jin is in charge of this research (Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, and Capital Medical University). He has spent the last decade working on retinal organoids, which can accurately mimic retinal development.
In human cells, a non-coding RNA molecule controls mitochondrial gene expression, according to new research published in the journal Cell. The research is the result of a collaboration between Sweden’s University of Gothenburg and Karolinska Institutet, as well as Germany’s University of Cologne.
Cas7-11, the first CRISPR enzyme that can make precise, directed cuts to strands of RNA without hurting cells, was identified and described last year by researchers at MIT’s McGovern Institute for Brain Research.
A new study by City, University of London and others suggests that the European cuttlefish (sepia officinalis) may combine, as necessary, two distinct neural systems that process specific visual features from its local environment, and visual cues relating to its overall background environment to create the body patterns it uses to camouflage itself on the sea floor.
The use of machine learning to do blood cell counts for illness detection rather than costly and often less reliable cell analyzer devices has proven labor-intensive, as the training of the machine learning model requires a tremendous amount of manual annotation activity by humans.
Researchers at Tel Aviv University, led by Prof. Illana Gozes from the Department of Human Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry at the Sackler Faculty of Medicine and the Sagol School of Neuroscience, have unraveled a mechanism shared by mutations in the genes ADNP and SHANK3, which cause autism, schizophrenia, and other conditions.
According to a new study published May 24th, 2022, in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Alena Sumová and coworkers of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague, genes within the fetus’s developing clock respond to rhythmic behavior in the mother during fetal development, first before the biological clock starts ticking on its own.
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are cancerous tumors of the brain and spinal cord that are incredibly aggressive.
The lifespan extension caused by a low-protein diet appears to be coordinated by a single hormone.