The human brain is the center of the human nervous system and is a highly complex organ. Enclosed in the cranium, it has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but is over three times as large as the brain of a typical mammal with an equivalent body size.
The microbiomes of corals -; which comprise bacteria, fungi and viruses -; play an important role in the ability of corals to tolerate rising ocean temperatures, according to new research led by Penn State.
A growing number of people are suffering from hearing loss due to exposure to loud noises from heavy machinery, concerts, or explosions. As a result, scientists have been working to understand the mechanism behind how the damage to hearing actually occurs.
UT Southwestern stem cell scientists find that stringent lineage tracing is crucial for studies of nerve cell regeneration. Their results, which are published in Cell, show that this tracing is far from routine in the field and suggest that earlier studies reporting "striking" regeneration results must be reexamined.
A synthetic aftertaste might not be the only side effect of switching to diet soda, especially if you're trying to lose weight.
Researchers from Northwestern Medicine distinguished different variants of the gene GRIK2 that induces nonsyndromic neurodevelopmental disorder (NDD).
After several decades of pre-clinical development, cell- and gene-based therapies for Parkinson's disease (PD) are now actively being explored. In this special supplement to the Journal of Parkinson's Disease on "Repairing the Parkinsonian Brain," experts highlight some of the current strategies being pursued to restore lost function and replace what is lost in the PD brain, with special emphasis on the challenges associated with translating advanced therapeutic approaches into pioneering clinical trials.
A surprising discovery may offer a promising new direction in the study of multiple sclerosis and other diseases of hypomyelination – when axons of neurons are not covered sufficiently in fatty sheaths (myelin), which disrupts communication between nerve cells.
To break down toxic proteins more quickly, immune cells in the brain can join together to form networks when needed. This is shown by a joint study of the University of Bonn, the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, and the Institut François Jacob in France.
A naturally occurring protein that blocks an inflammatory immune response was associated with better stroke recovery in a study conducted in mice, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association's Vascular Discovery: From Genes to Medicine Scientific Sessions 2021.
Scientists identified that older adults could take advantage of a specific diet named the MIND diet even when the protein deposits are developed.
Prions are proteins found in the brain and familiar for their role in causing disease.
Scientists announced the reversal of Kleefstra syndrome—a genetic disorder leading to intellectual disability.
The changes that occur in individual cancer cells in due course detail the varied development of brain tumors.
Recent research in Western Australia employs high-tech 3D facial scans to provide better knowledge of the genetic causes of autism.
Recently, scientists created an automated computer program that can precisely and reproducibly count micronuclei from microscope images.
Humans have a huge and intricately folded neocortex, the reason for various intellectual abilities, setting apart humans from all other species.
Hundreds of cancer-linked genes play a different role in causing disease than scientists had expected.
CMT, a rare hereditary condition, commences when genetic changes interrupt the transmission of nerve signals from the brain to the muscles of the extremities, specifically those of the lower limbs.
Ground-breaking new Curtin University-led research has discovered a likely cause of Alzheimer's disease, in a significant finding that offers potential new prevention and treatment opportunities for Australia's second-leading cause of death.
A team led by MDC researcher Marina Chekulaeva has figured out why protein production slows down in the nerve cells of people suffering from Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. This discovery could lead to a new therapeutic approach, the scientists report in the journal "Nucleic Acids Research".