Overweight and obesity are defined by the WHO as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to an individuals health.
Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer and while it was once an issue only in high income countries, overweight and obesity has now dramatically risen in low- and middle-income countries.Such countries are now facing a "double burden" of disease, for while they continue to deal with the problems of infectious disease and under-nutrition, they are also experiencing a rapid upsurge in chronic disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight, particularly in urban settings.
Researchers within the Biomedicine Discovery Institute at Monash University have made a breakthrough in understanding the role played by high-risk immune genes associated with the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Describing the genetic diversity of human populations is essential to improve our understanding of human diseases and their geographical distribution.
A university has recently completed a study that suggests that the machinery responsible for handling the energy in fat tissues is performing poorly in obesity.
The gut microbiota in human beings mostly evolves into an adult-like composition five years after birth, but significant differences continue to persist.
Red meat is a major source of medium- and long-chain saturated fatty acids, which may lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Processed meat, which has been modified to improve taste or extend its shelf-life, has also been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
As the name implies, induced pluripotent stem cells can become any type of cell in our body, and scientists have evidence that when they prompt them to become muscle progenitor cells they can help restore the sometimes debilitating muscle loss that happens with age.
Consumption of a diet with high fat levels increases the risk of fatty liver, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes.
People living with a patient undergoing an intensive weight loss treatment also benefit from this therapy.
Obesity, diabetes, and overall immune system health are issues that are all top-of-mind right now, especially during the pandemic.
Results of the European study SATIN (SATiety INnovation) reveal a relation between certain metabolites in the blood and the satiety perceived after consuming food.
Experts have spent decades warning us about the rising rates of childhood obesity, which has become an epidemic among recent generations in many places around the world, including Spain.
To design effective strategies that protect significant agricultural crops from climate change, it is important to understand how plants react to stressful environmental conditions.
For all their importance as a breakthrough treatment, the cancer immunotherapies known as checkpoint inhibitors still only benefit a small minority of patients, perhaps 15 percent across different types of cancer. Moreover, doctors cannot accurately predict which of their patients will respond.
Swapping the car for walking, cycling and e-biking even just one day a week makes a significant impact on personal carbon emissions in cities.
Getting children to eat their vegetables can seem like an insurmountable task, but nutrition researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have found one way: school gardens and lessons on using what's grown in them.
New research and analysis appearing in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, published by Elsevier, highlights the barriers cancer survivors face in maintaining a healthy diet, as well as the role nutrition may play in cancer risk and treatment.
A new study headed by the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and the College of Medicine has found a new compound that could form the base for creating a new class of diabetes drugs.
A Brazilian study published in the journal Molecular Human Reproduction helps understand why obese mothers tend to have children with a propensity to develop the metabolic disease during their lifetime, as suggested by previous research.
Metabolites are essentially organic molecules that are formed or participate during the biochemical reactions that continuously occur in an organism.
Diets rich in healthy and plant-based foods encourage the presence of gut microbes that are linked to a lower risk of common illnesses including heart disease, research has found.