Pathology is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs, tissues, bodily fluids, and whole bodies (autopsies). The term also encompasses the related scientific study of disease processes, called General pathology. Medical pathology is divided in two main branches, Anatomical pathology and Clinical pathology. Veterinary pathology is concerned with animal disease whereas Phytopathology is the study of plant diseases.
Histology involves the investigation of biological tissues at the microscopic level. Histology is also known as microscopic anatomy and is commonly used to diagnose cancer and other diseases.
Prolactin is a hormone that has long been thought to play an important role in breast development and growth, as well as milk production during pregnancy.
In a new study, Yale Cancer Center researchers have defined the genetic landscape of uterine leiomyosarcomas (uLMS).
Patients with a high number of genes most associated with pathways that lead to cell death in lung cancer are at increased risk of dying early from their disease, researchers report.
Scientists from Buck Institute have identified and are now developing an innovative, non-invasive biomarker test that could help quantify and track the performance of senolytics—a class of drugs that selectively destroy senescent cells.
On the basis of a license agreement with the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) and the Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden (IPF), the Dresden-based start-up "Neuron-D GmbH" is developing a high-throughput system for testing drug candidates to treat neurodegenerative diseases.
During biomarker testing, certain disease-associated molecules are examined to estimate the progression of a disease and its response to treatments.
A recently published study has demonstrated a close correlation between proteins linked to age-related vision loss and Alzheimer’s disease.
An international team led by researchers of the University of Barcelona builds the smallest and cheapest high-resolution microscope to date.
While many celebrate apple blossoms as classic signs of spring, they are also welcoming entry gates for pathogens. Full of nutrients to lure pollinators and promote pollen germination, flowers also attract bacteria like Erwinia amylavora, a pathogen that causes a damaging disease called fire blight.
One in 10 babies are born prematurely in the United States, leading to complications that can impact the infants’ locomotor development and affect basic tasks.
Cancers that are resistant to radiotherapy could be rendered susceptible through treatment with immunotherapy, a new study suggests.
A new study from the University of California, Irvine shows that compounds in both green and black tea relax blood vessels by activating ion channel proteins in the blood vessel wall.
Artificial intelligence can already scan images of the eye to assess patients for diabetic retinopathy, a leading cause of vision loss, and to find evidence of strokes on brain CT scans.
Scientists have largely been producing transcriptomic data in an attempt to find clues about modified cellular pathways that may be fueling cancer behavior.
A new study has revealed an important phase in researchers’ quest to produce targeted and more eco-friendly fungicides that protect food crops.
New research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis indicates that three new, fast-spreading variants of the virus that cause COVID-19 can evade antibodies that work against the original form of the virus that sparked the pandemic.
Huntington's disease is caused by a mutation in the Huntingtin gene (HTT), which appears in adults and features motor, cognitive and psychiatric alterations.
According to a new study, a gene associated with an exceptionally long-life span in human beings guards the brain stem cells against the adverse effects of stress.
In people with central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma, cancerous B cells--a type of white blood cell--accumulate to form tumors in the brain or spinal cord, often in close proximity to blood vessels.