Pathology is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs, tissues, bodily fluids, and whole bodies (autopsies). The term also encompasses the related scientific study of disease processes, called General pathology. Medical pathology is divided in two main branches, Anatomical pathology and Clinical pathology. Veterinary pathology is concerned with animal disease whereas Phytopathology is the study of plant diseases.
The probability of blood clots in the lungs of very sick COVID-19 patients is influenced by a gene variant in the natural immune system. This is demonstrated in a new study published in Nature Immunology by researchers from Uppsala University and Karolinska Institutet.
Removing not only a diseased grapevine but the two vines on either side of it can reduce the incidence of leafroll disease, a long-standing bane of vineyards around the world, Cornell University researchers have found.
Squid, octopus, and cuttlefish – even to scientists who study them – are wonderfully weird creatures. Known as the soft-bodied or coleoid cephalopods, they have the largest nervous system of any invertebrate, complex behaviors such as instantaneous camouflage, arms studded with dexterous suckers, and other evolutionarily unique traits.
According to the World Health Organization, schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric condition that begins in late adolescence or early adulthood and affects one in every 300 persons globally.
Researchers from Jacobs School of Engineering and the University of California San Diego School of Medicine collaborated with colleagues from Baylor College of Medicine to decode the genetic diversity of Clostridioides difficile, an especially dangerous pathogen in healthcare settings, using a systems biology technique.
A new cause of severe childhood brain cancer has been discovered by scientists.
Patients diagnosed with a type of brain tumor survived for longer when they were treated aggressively with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.
Cancer researchers at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine say they have successfully suppressed the growth of some solid tumors in research models by manipulating immune cells known as a macrophages.
Errors present in DNA can get accumulated inside brain cells as one is aging. However, in patients with Alzheimer’s disease, these errors called somatic mutations may increase at a quicker rate.
The cerebral ventricles—four linked cavities of the brain that are packed with cerebrospinal fluid—become enlarged in hydrocephalus, or “water on the brain;” however, the cause is unknown in many instances.
According to the Alzheimer’s Association, around 11% of the population, comprising 65-year old and above—in the United States has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most prevalent form of dementia that causes memory loss and cognitive impairment.
Melanoma is a somewhat unusual cancer-;one that blooms before our very eyes, often on sun-exposed skin, and can quickly become deadly as it turns our own skin against us and spreads to other organs.
Intestinal epithelial cells line the inner wall of the gut, creating a barrier to dangerous bacteria like enteropathogenic E. coli that seek to attach and efface that barrier, causing diarrhea.
Almost half of the U.S. adult population has high blood pressure - or hypertension - and about 20% of these patients have treatment-resistant hypertension.
Researchers have identified a family of proteins that is significantly elevated in the saliva of patients hospitalized with COVID-19.
A simple blood test for women of all ages and risk levels could one day be possible thanks to a new set of protein biomarkers that researchers identified using breast milk.
The Food and Drug Administration recommends healthy adults not exceed 400 milligrams (mg) of caffeine-; approximately four cups of brewed coffee-; a day.
Researchers combined advanced computational methods with experimental studies to gain new insight, at the cell level, into how the plant compound formononetin might be used to treat food allergies.
There are many proteins involved in the spread of cancer. However, some of them are notably difficult to observe in patient tissue samples.
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells can be remarkably effective in treating leukemias and lymphomas, but there are no successful immunotherapies for neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and gastrointestinal cancers (GICs) yet.