Pathology is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs, tissues, bodily fluids, and whole bodies (autopsies). The term also encompasses the related scientific study of disease processes, called General pathology. Medical pathology is divided in two main branches, Anatomical pathology and Clinical pathology. Veterinary pathology is concerned with animal disease whereas Phytopathology is the study of plant diseases.
Plasmodium falciparum infections can result in placental malaria, which can have serious consequences for both mother and child. Nearly 200,000 newborn fatalities annually from placental malaria, primarily as a result of low birth weight, as well as 10,000 maternal deaths.
The most damaging fungal disease of wheat farmed in temperate regions worldwide, Septoria tritici blotch, is brought on by the fungus Zymoseptoria tritici.
With a $2.5 million fund received from the Medical Research Future Fund (MRFF), a new genomics project led by WEHI will develop precision medicine and customized cancer therapy for Australians.
A new paper published in Nature Communications adds further evidence to the bradykinin storm theory of COVID-19's viral pathogenesis -; a theory that was posited two years ago by a team of researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Ustilago maydis attacks and reproduces in the aerial parts of the corn plant. At the location of the infection, massive tumor-like tissue growths frequently develop. The size of these galls can exceed that of a child’s skull.
Mitochondria are self-contained organelles that reside inside cells and are tasked with producing the chemical energy required to power vital tasks necessary for life and wellbeing. They have their own mini-chromosome and DNA.
As part of our SLAS Europe 2022 coverage, we speak to Steve Rees, Vice-President of Discovery Biology at AstraZeneca, about the challenges currently faced by the drug discovery sector.
DZNE and Intravacc B.V., have received a grant from the European Union of € 2.5 million to further create a prototype ALS vaccine.
Worldwide clinical studies for gene therapy utilizing CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing are now underway for a number of disorders. A study from Boston Children’s Hospital that was released in Nature Communications on June 27th, 2022, alerts readers to a possible CRISPR editing risk that has not yet been identified.
The significance of detecting and comprehending how variations between tissues and cells influence gene expression without altering the underlying genetic code is discussed in a recent study by University of Kentucky researchers.
Scientists from Weill Cornell Medicine and the New York Genome Center, in partnership with Oxford Nanopore Technologies, have introduced a new method for assessing the three-dimensional structure of the human genome, as well as how the genome folds, on a large scale.
In a paper that was just published in Science, scientists from Sweden’s Karolinska Institutet and SciLifeLab explain how they were able to enhance a protein’s capacity to repair oxidative DNA damage while also giving the protein a new role.
The probability of blood clots in the lungs of very sick COVID-19 patients is influenced by a gene variant in the natural immune system. This is demonstrated in a new study published in Nature Immunology by researchers from Uppsala University and Karolinska Institutet.
Removing not only a diseased grapevine but the two vines on either side of it can reduce the incidence of leafroll disease, a long-standing bane of vineyards around the world, Cornell University researchers have found.
Squid, octopus, and cuttlefish – even to scientists who study them – are wonderfully weird creatures. Known as the soft-bodied or coleoid cephalopods, they have the largest nervous system of any invertebrate, complex behaviors such as instantaneous camouflage, arms studded with dexterous suckers, and other evolutionarily unique traits.
According to the World Health Organization, schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric condition that begins in late adolescence or early adulthood and affects one in every 300 persons globally.
Researchers from Jacobs School of Engineering and the University of California San Diego School of Medicine collaborated with colleagues from Baylor College of Medicine to decode the genetic diversity of Clostridioides difficile, an especially dangerous pathogen in healthcare settings, using a systems biology technique.
A new cause of severe childhood brain cancer has been discovered by scientists.
Patients diagnosed with a type of brain tumor survived for longer when they were treated aggressively with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.
Cancer researchers at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine say they have successfully suppressed the growth of some solid tumors in research models by manipulating immune cells known as a macrophages.